business management research paper

You have just attended a manager’s meeting about establishing self-directed, high-performing teams. The company is concerned because some of the managers are having success building self-directed, high-performing teams while others are not. A discussion occurred that identified the characteristics of the successful team building elements and compared them to those managers that have not been successful. This is a situation where those who are struggling need to learn from those who are doing well. The discussions included identifying what could be going wrong and what steps might be taken for success.

You have been asked to write a research report that summarizes the meeting and offers some recommendations that might be helpful to those managers who are struggling. Specifically, your report must include:

  • Identification of the difficulties the managers may be having in establishing self-directed, high-performing teams
  • Identification of the successful characteristic of establishing self-directed, high-performing teams
  • Recommendations for success
  • A designed plan that might help guide the struggling managers and improve negotiation and conflict resolution skills

Assignment Objectives:

  • Describe the various stages of team development
  • Apply methods to improve negotiation skills and manage serious confrontation


Use the Library and Internet to research this topic.

Present your findings as a 5-7 pages (body of paper) formatted in APA style.

Submitting your assignment in APA format means, at a minimum, you will need the following:

  • Title page: Remember the running head and title in all capital letters.
  • Abstract: This is a summary of your paper, not an introduction. Begin writing in third-person voice.
  • Body: The body of your paper begins on the page following the title page and abstract page, and it must be double-spaced between paragraphs. The typeface should be 12-pt. Times Roman or 12-pt. Courier in regular black type. Do not use color, bold type, or italics except as required for APA level headings and references. The deliverable length of the body of your paper for this assignment is 5-7 pages. In-text academic citations to support your decisions and analysis are required. A variety of academic sources is encouraged.
  • Reference page: References that align with your in-text academic sources are listed on the final page of your paper. The references must be in APA format using appropriate spacing, hang indention, italics, and upper- and lower-case usage as appropriate for the type of resource used. Remember, the reference page is not a bibliography, but it is a further listing of the abbreviated in-text citations used in the paper. Every referenced item must have a corresponding in-text citation.

problem scenario

When faced with a problem, what do you do to solve it? This assignment asks you to apply a six-step to problem solving process to a specific problem scenario. You will write a paper that presents a synthesis of your ideas about solving the problem using this systematic approach. As Voltaire said, “No problem can withstand the assault of sustained thinking.”

Choose one (1) of the problem scenarios as a topic choice for your paper (Note: Your professor must approve your topic choice before you begin work on the assignment.)

Scenario 1: You have worked at your company for eleven (11) years. You have returned to college to earn a Bachelor’s degree in order to increase your chances for a promotion. You are nearly finished with your degree, when a supervisor’s position in a competing company becomes available in another state. The start date is in two (2) weeks, during your final exam period for your courses. The position offers a $15,000 per year salary increase, a car allowance, and relocation expenses. Your former supervisor works for the company and is recommending you for the position based on your outstanding job performance; if you want the job, it’s yours. All of the other supervisors at this level in the company have Master’s degrees, so you know that you would be expected to earn your Bachelor’s degree and continue on to a Master’s degree. Your present company offers tuition reimbursement, but the new company does not.

Scenario 2: Your child comes home from school with an assignment sheet for a school project. He / she is very excited about the project and begins work immediately, doing research on the Internet and gathering materials. You read over the assignment sheet and notice that your child is not including all of the required items in the project, and you have some ideas for how to improve the quality of the presentation. You recently read an article in a parenting magazine about the importance of a child developing responsibility for his/ her own learning. You recall the many ways in which your parents took over your school projects. You, on the other hand, want to encourage your child’s confidence in his / her ability to complete a project independently. The next day, you are at the grocery store when you see a parent of a student in your child’s class. That parent has spent over $30 in supplies for the science project and is taking a day off of work to put the pieces of the project together.

Scenario 3: You have two jobs—one during the week from 9:00 am to 6:00 pm, and one on Saturday from 3:00 pm to 11:00 pm. You are taking two classes—one that meets from 6:00 to 10:00 pm, and one class online. You have two kids—one who plays soccer, and one who is in band. You have two elderly parents who no longer drive. You have two siblings—one who lives two (2) miles away, and one who lives in another state. You have two (2) papers due in your classes the same week that one (1) of your children has a soccer tournament, and the other child has a band concert. You are coaching the soccer team, and you are in charge of fundraising for the band. You have a goal to complete your degree in two (2) years. Your doctor tells you that your blood pressure, your cholesterol, and your weight are too high and recommends several medications that cost you nearly $200 per month after your insurance co-pay.

Scenario 4: You are a sales representative for a company that encourages staff to log time in the field and away from the office. You are expected to begin and end your day at the office. You notice that each day when you arrive and return another co-worker is already there, and you wonder whether this person spends most of his / her time at the office. At your weekly sales meeting, you are informed of your co-workers’ outstanding sales performance. You suspect that this co-worker is spending more time flattering the boss instead of working leads in the field, and as a result is getting the best client referrals. Your own sales numbers have steadily decreased since this other sales representative was hired.

Review the six-step problem solving process outlined in the webtext, based on the article “The Problem Solving Process” located at

  • Step One: Define the problem
  • Step Two: Analyze the problem
  • Step Three: Generate options
  • Step Four: Evaluate options
  • Step Five: Make your decision
  • Step Six: Implement and reflect

Write a four to five (4-5) page paper in which you:
1. Define the problem in the scenario that you have chosen.
2. Analyze the problem in the scenario.
3. Generate options for solving the problem in the scenario.
4. Evaluate the options for solving the problem.
5. Decide on the best option for solving the problem.
6. Explain how you will implement the decision made and reflect on whether this option was the most effective.

The paper should follow guidelines for clear and organized writing:

  • Include an introductory paragraph and concluding paragraph.
  • Address main ideas in body paragraphs with a topic sentence and supporting sentences.
  • Adhere to standard rules of English grammar, punctuation, mechanics, and spelling.

“A well-researched assignment has at least as many sources as pages.” Therefore, since this assignment requires you to write at least 4-5 pages, you should include at least 4-5 references.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Recognize the hindrances to the decision-making process in order to apply problem-solving skills to a variety of situations.
  • Create written work utilizing the concepts of critical thinking.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in critical thinking skills and informal logic.

Argument Worksheet

Select and review ONE of the following articles from Opposing Viewpoints in Context:

· Health Care Issues

· Compensation for College Athletes

· Technology and Society

· Social Media

· Advertising


Write a 25- to 50-word response to each of the following prompts:


1. What is the issue in the argument you selected?

2. Provide an unbiased explanation of all viewpoints or premises of the issue.


3. Which viewpoint or premise is weak or irrelevant? Explain why.


4. Is the argument inductive or deductive? Why?

5. What is the value of understanding multiple viewpoints before forming an opinion or argument?


6. Provide an APA-formatted reference for the article you reviewed. Use the Citation Tools link in the Tools section to the right of the article for assistance, and select “APA, 6th Edition” from the drop-down menu.


Write a 500-750-word essay that addresses the following prompts:

  1. Compare and contrast developmental theories of Piaget and Erickson regarding adolescents.
  2. Explain how culture, religion, and research authorities have contributed to various parenting beliefs historically.
  3. Finally, elaborate on specific ways parents may promote the development of biological, psychological, and social characteristics in their children.

Cite at least two to four scholarly resources to support your essay.

Discussion 1: Analyzing Risks

In this week’s readings, Salamon identifies a number of risks that may lie ahead for nonprofits if current trends continue largely as they have to date. These challenges include fiscal risks, competition, organization effectiveness, legitimacy, human resources, and technology. In 2013, Goodwill Industries came under fire because of the company’s practices of paying disabled workers well under minimum wage. Their practices are legal, but human resources challenges could exist with turnover, due to low wages. However, they could also face fiscal risks if they pay workers too much. As a leader, you must consider many risks when setting a strategic direction.

To prepare for this Discussion, review Salamon’s identified risks.

By Day 3

Post your assessment of Salamon’s identified risks that have the greatest potential impact to nonprofit organizations. Which of these, from your perspective, are more important or potentially problematic? What are less relevant or, maybe, not at all relevant? Justify your response.


Renz, D. (Ed.). (2010). The Jossey-Bass handbook of nonprofit leadership and management (3rd ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

· Chapter 6, “Executive Leadership”

Jaskyte, K., & Holland, T. (2015). Nonprofit boards: Challenges and opportunities. Human Service Organizations: Management, Leadership & Governance, 39(3), 163–166.

Note: Retrieved from Walden Library databases.

Chait, R. P., Ryan, W. P., & Taylor, B. E. (2004). Governance as leadership. Retrieved from

Calhoun, N., & Damm, D. (2015). One sector more poised for the future than either business or government. Retrieved from 

Salamon, L. M. (2015). The resilient sector: The future of nonprofit America. 

Discussion 2: Trends That Affect The Future

As with any business, the nonprofit sector needs to understand the changing business environment. As a leader, being aware of trends and implementing strategies to incorporate those trends is necessary. Social media is one example of a trend that has continued to increase as part of an organization’s strategic plan. Social media launched the Ice Bucket Challenge in the summer of 2014. During the summer, “More than 17 million people uploaded their challenge videos to Facebook; these videos were watched by 440 million people a total of 10 billion times” (ALS Association, 2015). Not only has the company raised significant awareness of ALS, but “the ALS Association’s annual budget is typically around $20 million. Since the ALS Ice Bucket Challenge, the Association has been able to significantly expand its programs and services, increasing its annual budget to about $40 million for the current fiscal year” (ALS Association, 2015).

For this Discussion, review the Forbes article “One Sector More Poised for the Future than Either Business or Government” in this week’s Learning Resources.

By Day 4

Post an explanation of key trends and dynamics that you believe are most likely to affect the nonprofit sector of the future (i.e., 10 years from now) and the likely implications. Be sure to include at least two resources outside of the classroom.

Assignment: Journal: Leadership Principles

When you think of a great leader, who stands out to you? Pete Frates (ALS Foundation), Pope Francis, Beatrice Mtetwa (human rights lawyer of Zimbabwe), Bill and Melinda Gates (foundation focused on health care and poverty), and Sir Ganesh Dutt (longest serving minister in the British Empire) are examples of people who are often seen as great leaders. What do these leaders, if anything, have in common? What leadership principles do you possess that would make you a great leader?

For this Journal Assignment, review the leadership principles in your course text. Then, select a leadership style assessment from the links in the resources and perform a self-assessment. Finally, reflect on the characteristics of managers vs. leaders.

By Day 7

Post an assessment, in 750–1,000 words, of your leadership style. Explain how your leadership style relates to the leadership principles in the course text. Explain how the principles relate to your leadership style as a current or future leader of a particular organization. Describe what makes a good manager and leader. Evaluate whether a leader needs to be a manager and why or why not. Provide examples.


Study More Efficiently by Using some of the Memory Concepts (Assignment 1)

Go to

Or similar web site on more efficient studying.

Scroll down to “Strategies”, and pick one that seems to appeal to you.

Relate the specific strategy to one of the major memory principles in the text.

You may wish to actually try the strategy on something that you have to learn for a course.

Post your two or three paragraphs in the Discussion Forum provided. Extra credit if you actually tried it out, and include a short report of its effectiveness for you.


Conditioning at Mickey D’s  (Assignment 2)

What do parents do, at a fast food restaurant, to encourage desirable behaviors and discourage undesirable behaviors? Are the principles of operant conditioning being used? You are to visit any fast food restaurant (McDonald’s, Burger King, Arby’s, Wendy’s, Taco Bell, etc.) You are to observe how parents use the principles of operant conditioning, where they misuse them, and where they fail to use them but should. You can observe in the main dining area or the play area, if they have one, or both. You may not include any drive up observations. Then briefly describe one outstanding example for any three of the following categories. You can use three different subjects or use one subject for more than one example. You only need one OUTSTANDING (clear, definite) example for each of the three principles you choose.

There will be three sections to your paper.

Section 1 – Description of restaurant (including if it has a play area), date and time of observation.

Section 2 – Three observations. Each observation labeled with principle of operant conditioning at the beginning. Description of ss (adults and children) including an estimate of age, gender, race. What did you observe that demonstrated the principle being discussed? How effective was the technique?

Section 3 – Comments, including misuse or failure to use, questions that came up, surprises.

PRINCIPLES: Any three of the following four.

1. Positive reinforcement of DESIRED behaviors.

2. Negative reinforcement for failing to show DESIRED behaviors.

3. Punishment for UNDESIRED behaviors.

4. Extinction of UNDESIRED behaviors by withdrawing attention or reinforcing stimuli.



Eyewitness Testimony Assignment (Assignment 3)

First, read about Elizabeth Loftus and eyewitness testimony on pages 228-229.

Then go to Elizabeth Loftus’ webpage and read “Our Changeable Memories: Legal and Practical Implications.”

Next, go to Psychology Professor, Gary Wells, homepage on eyewitness memory. When you get there click on the “Click here to take the Wells eyewitness test” and take the short test. (Note: it moved a little slow when we did it so be patient).

After taking the Wells test, go to some of the links on Wells page and read the news stories and articles on eyewitness testimony.

Now, after you have done your research write two page paper about eyewitness testimony and memory. Here are some questions to think about to help you get started:

  • How accurate is eyewitness      testimony?
  • What are the problems with      eyewitness testimony as it relates to memories?
  • Can people actually have      false memories? What could cause this?
  • What are the implications      for society?
  • How does this apply to our      legal system? Do you still have faith in eyewitness testimony during a      trial?

Enjoy your research and we look forward to reading your papers!


Schedules of Reinforcement Assignment (Assignment 4)

Go to

and your text for a review of the various schedules of reinforcement.

The two dimentions along which to vary the availability of reinforcement are TIME and Number of Responses.

Interval schedules are based on time passing, like a weekly pay check (Fixed interval).

Ratio schedules are based on the number of responses that an organism makes.

The literature suggests that behavior is partially determined by the schedule of reinforcement that we use. With kids, training dogs, or with our spouse or work peers, often the WAY we give a reward is as important as the reward itself. Can you apply this to your everyday life?

Using whatever resources are available to you, give an example and determine the ADVANTAGES and DISADVANTAGES OF EACH OF THE FOLLOWING SCHEDULES OF REINFORCEMENT:

Continuous Reinforcement Schedule

Fixed Interval Schedule

Fixed Ratio Schedule

Variable Ratio Schedule