Jackson County Senior Services

1.

value:

17.00 points

 

 

Jackson County Senior Services is a nonprofit organization devoted to providing essential services to seniors who live in their own homes within the Jackson County area. Three services are provided for seniors—home nursing, Meals On Wheels, and housekeeping. In the home nursing program, nurses visit seniors on a regular basis to check on their general health and to perform tests ordered by their physicians. The Meals On Wheels program delivers a hot meal once a day to each senior enrolled in the program. The housekeeping service provides weekly housecleaning and maintenance services. Data on revenue and expenses for the past year follow:
    Total   Home Nursing   Meals On Wheels   House

keeping

 
  Revenues $ 926,000 $ 267,000 $ 406,000 $ 253,000  
  Variable expenses   471,000   113,000   199,000   159,000  
                   
  Contribution margin   455,000   154,000   207,000   94,000  
                   
  Fixed expenses:                  
    Depreciation   69,000   8,300   40,600   20,100  
    Liability insurance   43,900   20,800   7,600   15,500  
    Program administrators’ salaries   115,300   40,900   38,300   36,100  
    General administrative overhead*   185,200   53,400   81,200   50,600  
                   
  Total fixed expenses   413,400   123,400   167,700   122,300  
                   
  Net operating income (loss) $ 41,600 $ 30,600 $ 39,300 $ -28,300  
   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
   

 

*Allocated on the basis of program revenues.
     The head administrator of Jackson County Senior Services, Judith Miyama, is concerned about the organization’s finances and considers the net operating income of $41,600 last year to be too small. (Last year’s results were very similar to the results for previous years and are representative of what would be expected in the future.) She feels that the organization should be building its financial reserves at a more rapid rate in order to prepare for the next inevitable recession. After seeing the above report, Ms. Miyama asked for more information about the financial advisability of discontinuing the housekeeping program.

 

     The depreciation in housekeeping is for a small van that is used to carry the housekeepers and their equipment from job to job. If the program were discontinued, the van would be donated to a charitable organization. Depreciation charges assume zero salvage value. None of the general administrative overhead would be avoided if the housekeeping program were dropped, but the liability insurance and the salary of the program administrator would be avoided.
Required:  

 

1a. What is the impact on net operating income by discontinuing housekeeping program? (Input the amount as a positive value. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)
  (Click to select)IncreaseDecrease in net operating income by $  
1b. Should the housekeeping program be discontinued?
   
   

Yes

 

No

2 Would a segmented income statement format be more useful to management in assessing the long-run financial viability of the various services.
   
   

Yes

 

No

 

 

 

2.

value:

17.00 points

 

 

Climate-Control, Inc., manufactures a variety of heating and air-conditioning units. The company is currently manufacturing all of its own component parts. An outside supplier has offered to sell a thermostat to Climate-Control for $33 per unit. To evaluate this offer, Climate-Control, Inc., has gathered the following information relating to its own cost of producing the thermostat internally:

 

    Per Unit   15,800 Units

per year

  Direct materials $ 9 $ 142,200
  Direct labor   11   173,800
  Variable manufacturing overhead   1   15,800
  Fixed manufacturing overhead, traceable   9*   142,200
  Fixed manufacturing overhead, common, but allocated   13   205,400
         
  Total cost $ 43 $ 679,400
   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*40% supervisory salaries; 60% depreciation of special equipment (no resale value).

 

Required:

 

1a. Assuming that the company has no alternative use for the facilities now being used to produce the thermostat, compute the total cost of making and buying the parts. (Round your Fixed manufacturing overhead per unit rate to two decimals and your final answers to the nearest dollar amount.Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

 

          Make         Buy
  Total relevant cost (15,800 units) $ $
 

 

1b. Should the outside supplier’s offer be accepted?
   
   

Accept

 

Reject

 

2a. Suppose that if the thermostats were purchased, Climate-Control, Inc., could use the freed capacity to launch a new product. The segment margin of the new product would be $150,720 per year. Compute the total cost of making and buying the parts. (Round your Fixed manufacturing overhead per unit rate to two decimals and your final answers to the nearest dollar amount. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

 

          Make         Buy
  Total relevant cost (15,800 units) $ $
 

 

2b. Should Climate-Control, Inc., accept the offer to buy the thermostats from the outside supplier for $33 each?
   
   

Reject

 

Accept

 

3.

value:

17.00 points

 

 

Miyamoto Jewelers is considering a special order for 22 handcrafted gold bracelets to be given as gifts to members of a wedding party. The normal selling price of a gold bracelet is $407 and its unit product cost is $269 as shown below:
       
  Direct materials $ 143  
  Direct labor   90  
  Manufacturing overhead   36  
       
  Unit product cost $ 269  
   

 

 

 

 
   
Most of the manufacturing overhead is fixed and unaffected by variations in how much jewelry is produced in any given period. However, $6 of the overhead is variable with respect to the number of bracelets produced. The customer who is interested in the special bracelet order would like special filigree applied to the bracelets. This filigree would require additional materials costing $5 per bracelet and would also require acquisition of a special tool costing $465 that would have no other use once the special order is completed. This order would have no effect on the company’s regular sales and the order could be fulfilled using the company’s existing capacity without affecting any other order.
Required:

 

a. What effect would accepting this order have on the company’s net operating income if a special price of $367 is offered per bracelet for this order? (Input the amount as a positive value. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)
  Net operating income (Click to select)increaseddecreased by $  
b. Should the special order be accepted at this price?
   
   

No

 

Yes

 

4.

value:

17.00 points

 

 

Sport Luggage Inc. makes high-end hard-sided luggage for sports equipment. Data concerning three of the company’s most popular models appear below.
  Ski

Vault

  Golf

Caddy

  Fishing

Quiver

   
  Selling price per unit $ 250   $ 320   $ 215    
  Variable cost per unit $ 110   $ 210   $ 155    
  Plastic injection molding machine processing    time required to produce one unit 14 minutes 13 minutes 11 minutes  
  Pounds of plastic pellets per unit 9 pounds 10 pounds 14 pounds  
   
Required:
1a. The total time available on the plastic injection molding machine is the constraint in the production process. What is contribution margin per unit of the constrained resources for Ski Vault, Golf Caddy and Fishing Quiver? (Round your answers to 2 decimal places. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)
   Ski Vault Golf Caddy Fishing Quiver
  Contribution margin $  per minute $  per minute $  per minute
 
1b. Which product would be the most profitable use of this constraint?
   
   

Ski Vault

 

Fishing Quiver

 

Golf Caddy

1c. Which product would be the least profitable use of this constraint?
   
   

Ski Vault

 

Fishing Quiver

 

Golf Caddy

2a. A severe shortage of plastic pellets has required the company to cut back its production so much that the plastic injection molding machine is no longer the bottleneck. Instead, the constraint is the total available pounds of plastic pellets. What is contribution margin per unit of the constrained resources for Ski Vault, Golf Caddy and Fishing Quiver? (Round your answers to 2 decimal places. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)
  Ski Vault Golf Caddy Fishing Quiver
  Contribution margin $  per pound $  per pound $  per pound
 
2b. Which product would be the most profitable use of this constraint?
   
   

Ski Vault

 

Fishing Quiver

 

Golf Caddy

2c. Which product would be the least profitable use of this constraint?
   
   

Ski Vault

 

Fishing Quiver

 

Golf Caddy

3 Which product has the largest unit contribution margin?
   
   

Ski Vault

 

Fishing Quiver

 

Golf Caddy

 

5.

value:

17.00 points

 

 

Solex Company manufactures three products from a common input in a joint processing operation. Joint processing costs up to the split-off point total $91,000 per year. The company allocates these costs to the joint products on the basis of their total sales value at the split-off point. These sales values are as follows: product X, $52,000; product Y, $93,000; and product Z, $64,000.

 

     Each product may be sold at the split-off point or processed further. Additional processing requires no special facilities. The additional processing costs and the sales value after further processing for each product (on an annual basis) are shown below:
Product Additional

Processing Costs

Sales Value after

Further Processing

 
X $ 39,000 $ 82,000  
Y $ 39,000 $ 155,000  
Z $ 9,000 $ 81,000  
   
Required:
a. Compute the incremental profit (loss) for each product. (Loss amounts should be indicated with a minus sign. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)
         Product X        Product Y        Product Z
  Incremental profit (loss) $ $ $
 
b. Which product or products should be sold at the split-off point? (You may select more than one answer. Single click the box with the question mark to produce a check mark for a correct answer and double click the box with the question mark to empty the box for a wrong answer.)
   
   

Product X

 

Product Y

 

Product Z

c. Which product or products should be processed further? (You may select more than one answer. Single click the box with the question mark to produce a check mark for a correct answer and double click the box with the question mark to empty the box for a wrong answer.)
   
   

Product X

 

Product Y

 

Product Z

 

6.

value:

15.00 points

 

 

Glade Company produces a single product. The costs of producing and selling a single unit of this product at the company’s current activity level of 8,200 units per month are:
         
  Direct materials $ 2.10  
  Direct labor $ 2.00  
  Variable manufacturing overhead $ 0.90  
  Fixed manufacturing overhead $ 4.85  
  Variable selling and administrative expenses $ 1.00  
  Fixed selling and administrative expenses $ 1.00  
   
The normal selling price is $20 per unit. The company’s capacity is 9,300 units per month. An order has been received from a potential customer overseas for 1,100 units at a price of $17.00 per unit. This order would not affect regular sales.
Required:

 

1 If the order is accepted, by how much will monthly profits increase or decrease? (The order would not change the company’s total fixed costs.) (Input the amount as a positive value. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)
  Monthly profits would (Click to select) increase decrease by $  
2 Assume the company has 500 units of this product left over from last year that are inferior to the current model. The units must be sold through regular channels at reduced prices. What unit cost is relevant for establishing a minimum selling price for these units? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)
  Relevant cost per unit $  
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