You are an entrepreneur on the verge of starting a new company. Describe the company you are planning to start. Is it a service or a manufacturing company? What will be your main source of operating revenue? What expenses are you anticipating? Categorize your anticipated costs as period or product costs and identify whether each is an indirect or a direct cost. Identify your direct materials, direct labor, and manufacturing overhead costs.
Resources: Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), University Library, Library resources: Company Directories and Financials
Select a publicly traded, U.S. corporation with which you are familiar or one where you currently work or have worked in the past.
Research the company on the Internet and download the Income Statement, Statement of Shareholders’ Equity, Balance Sheet, and Statement of Cash Flows.
Develop a minimum 700-word examination of the financial statements and include the following:
- Determine the net income for the current fiscal year (FY). Is this income up or down from the prior year?
- Explain the relevance of changes in net income to investors.
- Determine the ending balance in shareholders’ equity. Why would organizations such as labor unions be interested in this?
- Determine the total value of assets.
- Discuss the relevance of the total value of assets to potential creditors and why this is important.
- Compute the return on assets. Discuss the relative profitability of the company based on your results.
- Compute the working capital and current ratio. Evaluate the relative liquidity of the company based on your results.
- Compute the debt to assets ratio and the free cash flow for your company. Analyze the results and comment on the relative solvency of the company.
- Discuss how the financial statements are used in your current role or a position you would like to hold. How might these aid you in managerial decision making?
Show your work in Microsoft® Word or Excel®.
Complete calculations/computations using Microsoft® Word or Excel®.
Include the four financial statements along with your assignment.
Format your assignment consistent with APA guidelines.
Why Cost accounting is often referred to as “managerial accounting”. What ways that a company uses cost accounting, and how it uses financial information for the purposes of cost accounting.
Discuss the differences between the reports prepared for managerial accounting and those prepared for financial accounting
Finlon Upholstery Inc. uses a job-order costing system to accumulate manufacturing costs. The company’s work-in-process on December 31, 2001, consisted of one job (no. 2077), which was carried on the year-end balance sheet at $156,800. There was no finished-goods inventory on this date.
Finlon applies manufacturing overhead to production on the basis of direct-labor cost. (The budgeted direct-labor cost is the company’s practical capacity, in terms of direct-labor hours multiplied by the budgeted direct-labor rate.) Budgeted totals for 2002 for direct labor and manufacturing overhead are $4,200,000 and $5,460,000, respectively. Actual results for the year are as follows:
Actual ResultsDirect Materials Used$5,600,000.00Direct Labor$4,350,000.00Indirect Material Used$65,000.00Indirect Labor$2,860,000.00Factory Depreciation$1,740,000.00Factory Insurance$59,000.00Factory Utilities$830,000.00Selling and Administrative Expenses$2,160,000.00Total$17,664,000.00
Job no. 2077 was completed in January 2002, and there was no work in process at year-end. All jobs produced during 2002 were sold with the exception of Job no. 2143, which contained direct-material costs of $156,000 and direct-labor charges of $85,000. The company charges any under- or over-applied overhead to the cost of goods sold category.
Using the above information, do the following:
- Calculate the company’s predetermined overhead application rate.
- Calculate the additions to the work-in-process inventory account for the direct material used, direct labor, and manufacturing overhead.
- Calculate the finished-goods inventory for the 12/31/02 balance sheet.
- Calculate the over-applied or under-applied overhead at year-end.
- Explain if it is appropriate to include selling and administrative expenses in the cost of goods sold category.
Perform your calculations in an Excel spreadsheet and copy the calculations into a Word document.
Write a 1-page paper in Word format. Apply APA standards to citation of sources. Use the following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M1_A3.doc. For example, if your name is John Smith, your document will be named SmithJ_M1_A3.doc.
By the due date assigned, deliver your assignment to the Submissions Area.
Lavish Lamps produces high-quality lighting fixtures in its manufacturing plant. The fixtures are designed and manufactured according to the customer’s specifications and are therefore made-to-order. The plant manager has provided you with the following list of key activities within the plant:
- Product design
- Production scheduling
- Purchasing department
- Receiving department
- Machine set-up
- Quality control
- Plant security
- Customer credit check
- Machine operation
For each of these activities:
- Identify a cost object and a cost driver.
- How would you recommend recording each of these costs?
- How should these costs be allocated to lighting fixtures?
Part A (20 points)
Prepare in proper form journal entries for the following transactions. Omit explanations.
2 Owner made a cash investment into the company $5,000
8 Bought supplies on account $100.
10 Paid salaries, $700
15 Paid for supplies purchased on October 8
21 Received company telephone bill, to be paid later, $30
Part B (5 points each for a possible total of 50 points)
Record the following selected transactions for January in a two-column journal, identifying each entry by letter:
(a) Earned $7,000 fees; customer will pay later.
(b) Purchased equipment for $45,000, paying $20,000 in cash and the remainder on credit
(c) Paid $3,000 for rent for January.
(d) Purchased $2,500 of supplies on account.
(e) A. Allen $1,000 investment in the company.
(f) Received $7,000 in cash for fees earned previously.
(g) Paid $1,200 to creditors on account.
(h) Paid wages of $6,250.
(i) Received $7,150 from customers on account.
(j) A. Allen withdrawal of $1,750.
PLEASE REVIEW ATTACHEMENT FOR REMAINDER OF PART C
(1) (10 points) From the following items in the income statement columns of the worksheet of Friend’s Tutoring at December 31, prepare the closing entries without explanation, assuming that a $1,000 withdrawal was made during the period.
“The purpose of the Week 5 Final Argument Paper assignment is to compose an argument that is clearly focused, fully developed, supported with research, and logically organized. The paper should convey your claim regarding your chosen topic and provide supporting research to assist your reader in understanding your argument. The paper should be formatted according to APA guidelines and should utilize appropriate academic language. You may use the Reference and Citation Generator to assist you with creating and finalizing your in-text citations and reference page.
Review the feedback you received on the content of your paper from your Week 3 Argument Paper Rough Draft assignment, along with the feedback you received on the formatting of your paper from your Week 4 Argument Paper Revised Rough Draft assignment. Incorporate the feedback into your final paper, and make any necessary revisions.
Write your Final Argument Paper using the APA Paper Template. Your final paper should be 700 to 1,050 words in length.
Ensure that your final paper includes the following:
- An APA-formatted title page
- An introduction paragraph with a thesis statement that clearly states your argument.
- APA-formatted level 1 headings for each main topic
- A topic sentence to begin each paragraph under each main topic
- No more than three to five instances of paraphrased or directly quoted material integrated throughout the paper, followed by the appropriate APA-formatted citation
- Conclusion paragraph
- An APA-formatted reference page with a reference listing for a minimum of three peer-reviewed sources
Refer to the Final Argument Paper Grading Guide for additional details on how this assignment is graded.
Submit your initial Plagiarism Checker report results along with your Final Argument Paper to the Assignment Files tab.”