Research Paper: Pharmacology

Research Paper: Pharmacology




No   directly quoted material may be used in this project paper. 

Resources   should be summarized or paraphrased with appropriate in-text and Resource   page citations. 

Write a paper comparing and contrasting   the four major classifications of drug actions on the human body (stimulants,   depressants, hallucinogens, and narcotics).

Select one drug from each classification   for an in-depth analysis, which should include at least:


· 1. the effects of those   drugs on the human body,

· 2. A discussion of the   dependence aspects of the drugs, and

· 3. their interactions   with other drugs

This paper must be from three to five   full pages of text, not including the cover page or the references page.

Revision Of Literature Review And Introduction

In this assignment, you will revise the introduction and literature review that you wrote for the Unit IV assignment. Revisions must be substantive and should be made in accordance with the professor’s instructions. The following parts of the assignment must be revised:Introduction (9-12 well-developed sentences/approximately 350 words): For more details about what is expected for each of the following sentences, please see “Lesson 4: The Introduction.” You may also want to review the “Example Introduction and Literature Review (with comments).” The following components must be included in the introduction (in the following order).Sentence 1: Introduce the general topicSentence 2: Pro side (general)Sentence 3: Con side (general)Sentence 4: Narrow the scope (1)Sentence 5: Examples of the narrowed topicSentence 6: Narrow the scope (2)Sentence 7: Specific controversySentence 8: Pro side (specific)Sentence 9: Con side (specific)Sentence 10: The thesisLiterature Review (800-900 words): For details about the structure of the literature review, you will want to review “Lesson 3: The Literature Review: The Process.” You may also want to review the “Example Introduction and Literature Review (with comments).” The link is below.Literature review preface: This paragraph acts as a guide to what the reader can expect in the literature review.Literature review body: This section includes three to four body paragraphs that discuss the history, terminology, and both sides of the controversy (pro and con).Literature review conclusion: The conclusion signals that the literature review is ending, but it also acts as a kind of preface for the body of the paper by restating the thesis statement and establishing your argument once again.Demonstrate the avoidance of plagiarism through proper use of APA citations and references for all paraphrased and quoted material.Implement techniques of editing and revising.

Hypothesis Tests profile

A major client of your company is interested in the salary distributions of jobs in the state of Minnesota that range from $40,000 to $120,000 per year. As a Business Analyst, your boss asks you to research and analyze the salary distributions. You are given a spreadsheet that contains the following information:

  • A listing of the jobs by title
  • The salary (in dollars) for each job

In prior engagements, you have already explained to your client about the basic statistics and discussed the importance of constructing confidence intervals for the population mean. Your client says that he remembers a little bit about hypothesis testing, but he is a little fuzzy. He asks you to give him the full explanation of all steps in a hypothesis testing and wants your conclusion about a claim that the average salary for all jobs in the state of Minnesota is less than $65,000.

Background information on the Data

The data set in the spreadsheet consists of 364 records that you will be analyzing from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The data set contains a listing of several jobs titles with yearly salaries ranging from approximately $40,000 to $120,000 for the state of Minnesota.

What to Submit

Your boss wants you to submit the spreadsheet with the completed calculations. Your research and analysis should be present within the answers provided on the worksheet.

Task – Distribution of Life


Some of the strangest creatures on Earth live on the ocean. The seafloor is an eerie world that time forgot.Tall chimneys erupt hot, mineral-rich water that supports a variety of unusual organisms in the cold, dark abyss.These unusual organisms have no counterparts anywhere else in the sea.

Today, the world ocean is home both to the largest animal that has ever lived (wanna guess what it is?) and to many of Earth’s smallest organisms. Cyanobacteria, a blue-green algae, grow in the surface waters. Several hundred could fit comfortably on the point of a needle. Marine biologists estimate that there are at least nine million species of unicelluar organims, plants, and animals living in the oceans. As of now they have identified only about 1,000,000 of them.


  • Assess and analyze the characteristics of marine lifestyles (planktonic, nektonic, benthic, interstitial), marine communities, and their biota.
  • Assess marine environmental zones and list characteristics of each zone.
  • Investigate the relationship between productivity, net productivity and respiration.
  • Explore the physical factors that control the distribution of marine life.

The Captain’s Orders

The oceans may be divided into large biomes, or living regions (Figure 1). These zones are based on the distribution of marine organisms. The two major environments are the pelagic, which consists of the water column, and the benthic, which comprises the ocean bottom. The organisms that live in these zones can be classified in terms of the habitat they occupy.

Figure 1. Classification of life zones in the oceans.

The factors that affect primary productivity are (1) the availability of light, (2) the availability of nutrients and (3) the rate of grazing by primary consumers (herbivores).

Figure 2. Seasonal variations in nutrient elements, plankton biomass and light for a mid-latitude oceanic region


Answer the following questions in terms of physical and/or chemical factors that might explain, or partially explain, various divisions in the Figure 1 classification.

  1. The division between the epipelagic and mesopelagic zones.
  2. The division between the mesopelagic and bathypelagic zones. This boundary is about 1000 meters deep, and it is a level at which many physical and chemical changes occur.
  3. The division between the supralittoral (above high tide) and littoral zones.
  4. The division below the sublittoral zone.
  5. Why is there no boundary at about 1000 meters in the benthic environment but a significant one at about the same depth in the pelagic environment? Think of what the main control on the benthic organisms might be that the pelagic organisms would not have to contend with, and vice versa.

Answer the following questions using Figure 2.

  1. Why do the dissolved nutrients drop in the spring?
  2. Why does the spring phytoplankton bloom start in the spring and die out in the early summer?
  3. Why is there a difference in the steepness of the zooplankton biomass curves during the spring bloom?
  4. What are some possible reasons for a fall phytoplankton bloom?
  5. Where on earth would the plankton show a different seasonal pattern of growth and why?

How to Submit Your Task

Answer the questions on a word processing document. Once you have finished the assigned task, submit the document to the Captain’s dropbox.


Develop a 875-word response that addresses each of the following prompts:

  • Define statistics with citation and reference.
  • Contrast quantitative data and qualitative data. Use two Peer Reviewed references.
  • Evaluate tables and charts used to represent quantitative and qualitative data.
  • Describe the levels of data measurement.
  • Describe the role of statistics in business decision-making.
  • Provide at least two business research questions, or problem situations, in which statistics was used or could be used.

Use two peer reviewed references.

Format your assignment consistent with APA guidelines.

Professional Presence Healthcare Administration

Assignment Instructions

You will create a PowerPoint presentation which will be comprised of seven slides. That will cover the areas listed below. Be sure to explain how you look at:

  1. Cover page that includes assignment title, your name, course, section number, and date
  2. Lifelong professionalism and how you will maintain your image
  3. Short-term goals (following the SMART method) and how you will develop a plan to meet them
  4. Long-term goals (following the SMART method) and how you will develop a plan to meet them
  5. Education plans to maintain your marketability
  6. Budgeting plan to cover education and career marketability needs
  7. Reference Slide

Assignment Format

  • PowerPoint Presentation with 7 slides
  • Notes for the content slides (Slides 2 through 6) should include speaker notes at the bottom of the slide
  • Brief points should be included on the slide and detailed explanations for each point should be shared in the speaker notes of the slide
  • Identify the source of any pictures you use
  • No plagiarism
  • Provide all references used and cite in text where used