Informative Speech

Speech 3: Informative Speech

Length: 5-7 minutes

Purpose:

The purpose of this speech is to inform your audience about a topic of your choosing using research and personal accounts as supporting materials

Requirements

Your goal is to inform your audience about a topic of your choosing from one of the following areas: (a) a political, economic, or social issue (b.) a historical event, force, or movement (c.) a theory, principle, or concept (d.) describe an activity (e.) provide a biography about a famous individual

You are NOT to give a demonstration speech (a “how to” speech). You must inform and not persuade. Topics should be interesting to you the speaker and related to the audience. Topics should be narrow and specific. A minimum of three different academic sources are required and must be cited during your speech (Wikipedia and forms of Wiki are not academic sources).These sources must be included on the works cited page of your outline. Topics for this speech must be approved by the instructor via the topic selection sheet. You will be evaluated on your introduction, subject matter. organization, supporting materials, delivery-voice. deliverv-bodv. and conclusion

Criteria for Evaluation:1. Introduction (7 points): You will be evaluated on effectively using an attention-getter revealing the central idea of your speech, stating your speaker credibility, and previewing your three main points2. Subject Matter (2 points): You will be evaluated on how well the subject is related to the speaker, the audience, and the occasion.3. Organization (6 points): You will be evaluated on having a clear organizational pattern, clear connectives, meeting the time requirement (5-7 minutes, you will be clapped off a 8 minutes), and having equal time spacing among main points.4. Supporting material (8 points): You will be evaluated on clearly citing three academic sources correctly as stated in class.. Delivery-Voice (10 points): You will be evaluated on your vocal rate, volume, vocal variety, your speech being free of verbal fillers/clutter, and use of appropriate language.6. Delivery-Body (10 points): You will be evaluated on effective use of eve contact, extemporaneous speaking, appropriate facial expressions and gestures, and your posture and movement.7. Conclusion (7 points): You will be evaluated on using a review statement, restating your central idea, and ending with an effective “BANG” or lasting impression

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Speech 3 Outline

Requirements For your informative speech, you are required to turn in a typed full-sentence outline. A hard copy of the outline is due at the beginning of class on the day you present your speech. Failure to turn in an outline on speech day will result in not being able to present your speech and receiving a zero for the outline and a zero for the speech. The specific format of the outline will be discussed in class and an example will be posted on BlackBoard. Criteria for Evaluation:1. General and Specific Purpose: You must include the general purpose and specific purpose at the top of the outline.2. Labeling: You must label and align each section correctly using the style guide provided in class.3. MLA: You must use correct MLA format throughout the outline and on the works cited page.4. Complete Sentences: Your outline must have a complete sentence for every point. Each point should be limited to one or two sentences.5. Connectives: You must clearly label your connectives between main points.6. Spelling and grammar: You will be evaluated on proper use of grammar and correct spelling.

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Case Study 1: Auctions-Spring 2019

The following video describes auctions as price discovery mechanisms https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4kWuxfVbIaU

Use the video on auctions and at least 3 academic and/or high-quality business publications, see definitions below, to answer the following questions in 5-7 pages:

1.  There are many types of auctions each with strengths and weakness at uncovering the real price/value of an item.  Compare and contrast:

a) the English and Dutch auctions; and,

b) the sealed bid first price auction and the Vickery Auction.

2.  Concierge Auctions Limited sells very high end and unique properties worldwide using an English style auction, selling to the highest bidder.  They have been embroiled in multiple law suits, see the link to the Wall Street Journal.  Advise Concierge as to the weakness that an English auction may have in uncovering a property’s value.  Provide a recommendation for at least one other auction type which may better uncover the value of unique real estate properties.

https://www.wsj.com/articles/luxury-real-estate-firm-concierge-auctions-fights-allegations-of-fraudulent-bids-11549568689

3.  Auctions are widely used in finance, e-commerce and in e-games.  Identify 3 uses of auctions by firms in finance, e-commerce and/or e-games.  Explain the:

a)  need for an auction in the product/service; and

b)  what type of auction is used and why that type of auction is appropriate for the product/service.

4.  Auctions are also widely used to generate revenue for not-for-profit organizations.  What are the advantages/disadvantages of auctions as revenue generators for not-for-profit organizations?

5.  Suggest ways in which the company you work for, or the company which you aspire to work for, can use auctions to better uncover value and increase revenue.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12) with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA format.  Check with your professor for any additional instructions.

Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title and the date.  The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment length.

Acceptable Types of Publications

The definition of a high-quality professional business publication is one which is primarily a publication directed to reporting and/or analysis of the workings of business.  Examples are:  Wall Street Journal, Bloomberg, Reuters…etc.  Avoid general news publications such as USA Today, Washington Post, NY Times.

PLEASE DO NOT RELY ON WIKIPEDIA, INVESTOPEDIA OR ANY OTHER PEDIA AS A REFERENCE AT ANYTIME IN THIS COURSE.

Submission Rules

You may submit 1 attempt at the assignment to test your SafeAssign Score.  The SafeAssign score should be 25% or less.

global temperatures

Some people you know say they don’t believe that the climate is changing. After completing this week’s readings, how would you respond?

Write a 525- to 700-word response including:

Wk3 Discussion (Work Programming) – Post 3

The goal of an audit program is to create a framework that is detailed enough for any outside auditor to understand what official examinations have been completed, what conclusions have been reached and what the reasoning is behind each conclusion. The framework is to simplify the objective of the audit, its scope and timeline. The tailored audit program would be most beneficial for detecting billing schemes. Billing schemes are very common and very costly. The three most prevalent types of billing schemes are shell company schemes, non-accomplice vendor schemes, and personal purchases schemes. Tailored audit program is tailored to reference specific areas such as business procedures, legal documents, and assets. By targeting these specific requirements through tailored audit programs, the company can easily identify potential compliance lapses and develop internal controls to offset these vulnerabilities. In turn, can point out the weaknesses in internal controls and alert the auditor to potential opportunities for future fraud schemes.

This weeks question(s):

Should previous work programs be used? Why or why not?

When should a work program be built from scratch?

Please post at least 200 words with references.

Science Daily.

Next, submit the following:

  • Use this abbreviated version of the Science Tool Kit template (download template [DOCX, File size 24.3 KB] to answer questions about the news article. Submit your answers to your instructor for grading and feedback.

Environmental Safety

Imagine that you are the Director of Environmental Safety for a major city in the United States. As the director, you are asked to write a press release educating the public on chemical and mechanical weathering of national monuments, such as the limestone buildings in Washington, DC, or important tombs made of limestone throughout the country.

Create an educational brochure that includes the following information:

  • Definitions of both mechanical and chemical weathering
  • Descriptions of frost wedging, frost heaving, salt-crystal growth, and exfoliation
  • Descriptions of hydrolysis, oxidation and carbonation
  • Explanation of the relationship between chemical and mechanical weathering
  • Explanation of how human activity affects chemical and mechanical weathering

Format your references consistent with APA guidelines.

Research Paper – Operant Conditioning: Applying Animal Research To Human Behavior

Minimum of 6 pages – 7 pages max, APA format 12 point font Times New Roman Double space – not including the cover page and reference page. Do not number cover page, number 1 start on the first page of essay and 1″ margin on all four side.  Do not use right-justified (even-right hands) margin.  No plagiarism cannot quote or paraphrase from summarized articles or other sources.  Need to be your own words throughout, if the summary is better than the interpretation, than it is evidence you are copying.  This is counted 50 percent of my grade and is like a final exam.  Work must be provided with a no plagiarism report.  Please see the attached for full instructions.  Below is a brief summary of what you need to write on and you must follow the instructions listed below on how to right this research paper.  I need an A and I do not want to get an F.  The professor state you must follow his direct instructions,   THERE MAY OCCASIONALLY BE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE TEXT’S VERSIONS OF CONCEPTS AND THE VERSIONS THAT I PRESENT IN CLASS, IN 302notes.doc, OR IN DOCUMENTS LISTED IN 302schedule.doc. WHEREVER THERE IS A DIFFERENCE, THE VERSION THAT I PROVIDE IS THE ONE THAT YOU SHOULD PRESENT IN YOUR PAPER.

The paper is divided into two parts (you do not need to include the headings listed below).  

Part 1: Basic Concepts and Principles  The first part of the paper discusses the fundamentals of operant conditioning based on animal research. First Two Paragraphs on Page 1:  Begin with a definition of operant conditioning as an approach to analyzing behavior that focuses on the ways in which behavior is influenced by its consequences in the environment. You can illustrate the process of operant conditioning by using the prototypical experiment of a rat that presses a bar, receives food, and then presses the bar at a higher rate. NOTE: It would be useful to define reinforcement and punishment here in the first paragraph when you discuss the consequences of behavior. However, DO NOT start defining positive and negative reinforcement, and positive and negative punishment, in the first paragraph because these are technical distinctions that would distract from the basic point of the paragraph.   For contrast, in the next paragraph (not later in the paper), present a short paragraph (half page maximum) that discusses classical conditioning as a process in which learning occurs even though the learned behavior has no consequences in the environment. You can illustrate this process with the experiment in which the ringing of a bell is paired with food and a dog learns to salivate when the bell is rung even though the food is given regardless of the animal’s behavior. (You don’t have to use the terms US, UR, CS, CR.) Starting with the Third Paragraph and Continuing for 2 or 3 pages:  Define and give your own examples of the terms listed below (Part 1 is not a literature review). A common problem with students’ papers is that they leave out required terms or do not provide the requested information. It is suggested that you check off each of the following terms and related information as you complete it. Do not simply the list the terms. They should be conceptually related to each other with logical transitions between terms.      SEE CHECKLIST ON NEXT PAGE

Key Points on Terms … 1. Be sure to define a technical term before you use it to explain something else. 2. Do not use the term that you’re defining in the definition of that term.

Part 2: Human Operant Research  The second part of the paper summarizes two or more experiments (from different research articles, not from the same article) on human operant behavior that illustrate concepts from Part 1.  The articles you use must involve human participants in either a laboratory or applied setting. No credit will be given for a summary in which the subjects were animals. IN AT LEAST ONE OF YOUR ARTICLES, THE PARTICIPANTS MUST BE NORMAL ADULTS OR NORMAL TEENAGERS (i.e. not children, not psychotics, not mental patients, not autistic persons, and not mentally retarded persons).  The main purpose of the research must have been to study a process in operant conditioning (they can’t just use an operant concept to explain results from a study in a different field). Do not use an article that assesses ways of teaching operant conditioning.  The articles must be from a primary source in a printed journal (not a website or web page) describing the full original experiment and not from a secondary source, such as Psychological Bulletin, that presents summaries. Each of the experiments you summarize must come from a different research article. If a research article includes more than one experiment, you do not have to summarize all of the experiments in that article. One is enough if your summary of it is detailed and substantial. Each article must be summarized separately. Do not combine two  9 articles into a single summary that makes blanket statements about what the two studies had in common.  Begin each summary by stating what concept or concepts from Part 1 it illustrates. In at least 1 page per article (preferably more than 1 page), describe the rationale, procedure, and specific findings of the study. In other words, you should compare findings (e.g., response rates) in different conditions or groups and not just state a general conclusion that the researchers drew from their findings. The summary is in past tense.  For an article on shaping, describe in detail the successive approximations that were used to establish the target response.   Whatever topic you select, your description of the research must be thorough enough to demonstrate that you have carefully read and understood the research. Use your own words and avoid paraphrasing and jargon.   Before summarizing your first study, present a paragraph to relate Part 1 to Part 2. You should indicate which concepts from Part 1 will be illustrated. Also, point out the key role of instructions in human operant research. A significant way in which human operant research differs from research with nonhuman species is that with human participants instructions are usually included to speed up the conditioning process. Typically, instructions are used to describe the response that will be reinforced. After the response occurs, it produces reinforcement and then the frequency of the response is increased. Instructions may also be used to describe the reinforcers (or punishers) involved and the schedules under which they will be administered (e.g., the complex reinforcement systems used in token economies).  You can point out that even though the use of instructions may seem to make human operant research fundamentally different from animal research, the instructions themselves may be conceptualized in basic operant conditioning terms. Instructions can be a type of discriminative stimulus in that they precede the response and signal that if the response is performed it may be reinforced. In this sense, instructions are just a more complex form of the visual and auditory stimuli used as discriminative stimuli in animal research.  Referring to an article. When you introduce an article in Part 2, give the authors’ last names and the year of publication, like: “A study by Renee and Creer (1976) used shaping to …” Do not give the authors’ first names, their institutional affiliation, or the title of the article.  SUGGESTED READINGS  As a general suggestion, you could look through issues of the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. This journal specializes in the study of human operant behavior in socially significant settings. In addition to the paper copies available in the library, all issues (except those from the most recent 6 months) are available online for free in pdf format. Links to all of the issues and articles can be found in the following archive: In your summary of each article, highlight the ways in which the researcher used instructions to facilitate conditioning, for example, by describing the response that was required for reinforcement or by describing the possible outcomes of that response.  see attachment for articles to read and research.