This assignment addresses the following outcomes:

  • Explain the impact of the European “discovery” of the Americas in a global setting, including the biological, social, and cultural effects of the Columbian Exchange. (CO#1, CO#3, CO#7/History Program Outcome 1)

As result of Columbus’s voyages and the subsequent exploration of the Western Hemisphere by Europeans, biological and cultural exchanges occurred between Native Americans and European explorers. Some of the results of this exchange were beneficial, but others were disastrous. In this short paper, you will explore some of the results of the exchanges and draw conclusions about the long-term impact. Your paper will be styled as a pamphlet, such as those distributed to visitors at a museum or historic site, providing an informed overview of the topic. The text for your pamphlet should be about 500 words long.

For your first written assignment, create the text for a pamphlet on the Columbian Exchange. Your pamphlet will be written for a contemporary audience and will include the following:

  • The negative and positive results of the Columbian Exchange on the indigenous peoples of the Western Hemisphere, as well as Europe
  • A conclusion explaining the long term impact of the Columbian Exchange on world history.

You must include at least one outside primary or secondary source beyond the course readings for this week. It can be either a scholarly secondary source from the Excelsior College Library (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. or a primary source from the Excelsior College Library (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. or from this list of pre-approved primary source websites in US History. You should NOT use non-scholarly websites such as Wikipedia. If you have questions about finding appropriate sources, please contact your instructor.

To get started on conducting research through the Excelsior Library, use this tip sheet (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. created specifically for this assignment.

All sources should be properly cited in either APA (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. or Chicago/Turabian (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. format.

Your pamphlet is due at the end of the module. For compatibility with Turnitin, please submit this assignment as a Word document(.doc or .docx) format rather than using other publishing programs.

Compose your work in a .doc or .docx file type using a word processor (such as Microsoft Word, etc.) and save it frequently to your computer. For those assignments that are not written essays and require uploading images or PowerPoint slides, please follow uploading guidelines provided by your instructor.

Check your work and correct any spelling or grammatical errors. When you are ready to submit your work, click “Upload Submission.”  Enter the submission title and then click on “Select a file to upload.” Browse your computer, and select your file. Click “Open” and verify the correct file name has appeared next to Submission File. Click on “Continue.”  Confirm submission is correct and then click on “Accept Submission & Save.”

History 101

You are allowed to choose your own topic, as long as it pertains to the subject of this course. If you have any questions on subject matter, please contact your instructor. This is your opportunity to look a little deeper at a subject that interests you.

This short paper is at least three double-spaced pages of text (Times New Roman, font size 12) and you must consult a minimum of two academically credible sources. Your bibliography and citations may be in APA, MLA, or Chicago Style format. Students majoring in history must use Chicago Style format.

The short paper needs to be turned in through the assignment section for grading. If you use any of the information from your sources word-for-word, you must cite the source by using endnotes, footnotes, or parenthetical citations. If you read the information and write it in your own words and it is not common knowledge, then you must cite the source because you are paraphrasing someone’s information.

The short paper must include a cover page with your name, course number and course title, instructor’s name, and date. You must also include a bibliography at the end of your paper. While composing your paper, use proper English. Do not use abbreviations, contractions, passive voice, or first/ second person (I, you, we, our, etc). Before submitting your paper, check your grammar and use spell check. Remember, the way you talk is not the way you write a paper. Please label your paper as follows: lastnamefirstnameHIST101ShortPaper.


Why  were so many African colonies able to gain their independence in the  1960s? Why did so many African countries experience civil wars or other  violence after they gained independence?

Despite  the region’s importance, the United States did not get drawn into a war  in the Middle East during the Cold War period (1945-1989). Was the US  able to protect its national interests in the region anyway? Explain  your answer, using specific examples.

Should  Ronald Reagan be considered a hero for his handling of the Cold War?  Should Mikhail Gorbachev? In each case, explain why or why not, using  specific examples.

Is  there something the Soviet Union could have done differently to avoid  losing the Cold War? If so, what? If not, why don’t you think the  Soviets understood that?

Did  you mention globalization and technological change in one or more of  your answers above? If so, you can skip this question. If not, how did  those forces affect people’s lives in the 1960s? Illustrate your points  by using specific countries as examples.

History Essay

There are 4 essay topic options.

Completed essays must follow these formatting requirements:All papers should be at least a minimum of 3 written pages, with no maximum page count.  (Approximate minimum word count 850-1000 words)


Acceptable fonts (no larger than 14 pt.): Times New Roman, Arial, Garamond, or Book Antiqua

1” maximum margins on top, bottom, right and left

In-text citations, using either endnotes or footnotes only

You must use at least five (5) sources that you will be using in the final writing of your paper.  The bibliography should have a MINIMUM of two (2) primary sources and one (1) image source (primary if possible).  If the image is a primary source, it is not included in the two primary source requirement.  Internet sources should be avoided unless they are from academic sources.  ALL internet sources must be approved by the instructor, and failure to gain approval will result in not receiving credit for those included sources in this assignment as well as in the final bibliography with the paper.

Image used to support your research should be either embedded in the essay text as a wrapped object or included on a separate page.  If wrapped, please consider that amount of essay text that is being displaced by the image and compensate that displacement by insuring that the proper page length/word requirement is met in additional pages.  Each image MUST be supported by an analysis in a caption.  The caption DOES contribute to word count of the final essay project (suggested caption word count: 50-100 words)

Bibliography/Works Cited page (separated on its own page at end of paper)

There should be NO headers (paper title, student name, course, date, instructor, etc.) on ANY page that includes written essay-body text.  Any header information, if desired but not required, should ONLY be on a title page.

Each paper should be accompanied by a Bibliography/Works Cited page with correct format for all sources used in the paper.  The required citation method for this course is the Turabian/Chicago citation method.  The Bibliography/Works Cited page DOES NOT count in total required page count of the essay Assignment.

Students must use either footnotes or endnotes for in-text citations, but not a mixture of both.  Be consistent throughout the paper.  Footnote and endnote citations also do count in final paper page/word count.

Paper deductions for incomplete/incorrect submissions (please note, these are automatic deductions from the first overall viewing of the essay before it is read and will be applied first to your score; the quality of the actual written paper will then be scored from the remaining points if any of the following deductions are made):

Plagiarism:  Depending of the severity of the academic dishonesty in the submitted paper, this can result in a deduction of 50-100 points automatically.

Paper length:  Papers that do not meet the minimum page length are subject to an automatic deduction of 5 points for half a page and 10 points for a full page.  This is a cumulative total, thus a paper that is 2 pages short is subject to an automatic 20 point deduction, a paper that is 1.5 pages short is subject to a deduction of 15 points, etc.

Header on essay text pages:  This infraction can be a multiple point deduction.  For the header itself is an automatic 5 point deduction for each page it is included on essay text pages.  Additionally, this can also result in addition paper length deductions if the header is used to “increase” the essay length.

Citations: This varies according to failure to cite your sources properly, including your image source.  Deductions can range from: 5 points for each source included in your Bibliography, but not used in your paper; 10 points for failure to include a Bibliography/Works Cited with your final essay; 5 points for failure to format the Bibliography in Turabian/Chicago format; 5-10 points for failure to use endnotes or footnotes.

Gratuitous and larger than specified margins and/or paper spacing can range 5-10 points depending on their overall impact of the paper length.  Much like including a header, large margins and spacing can multiply the point deduciton if the paper does not meet the minimum required length/word count.

Chinese Exclusion Act in the Reading & Study

Examine the Bedford Digital Case Study on the Chinese Exclusion Act in the Reading & Study folder. After reading the Learning Objective and Historical Background, read the primary sources. In the Case Study Discussion Board Forum, your thread must address 1 of the following questions:

  1. Using specific examples, explain which primary source from the case study is most interesting to you and why.
  2. Using specific examples, explain why James Blaine’s speech on Chinese immigration would have appealed to many Americans in the late 1870s.
  3. Using specific examples, identify 3 specific provisions from the Chinese Exclusion Act and explain what they reveal about American society in the 1880s.

Each thread must be 200–250 words and demonstrate specific knowledge of the primary sources in the case study. In addition to the thread, reply to the threads of at least 2 classmates. Each reply must be 75–150 words. Show respect for other students’ opinions. Inappropriate language will not be tolerated and will result in a failing grade on this assignment. Your grade will be based on the quality of the content of your posts as well as the quality of your writing.

As your participate in the Case Study Discussion Board Forum, keep in mind Luke 1:1–4—“Inasmuch as many have undertaken to compile an account of the things accomplished among us, just as those who from the beginning were eyewitnesses and servants of the word have handed them down to us, it seems fitting for me as well, having investigated everything carefully from the beginning, to write it out for you in consecutive order…so that you might know the exact truth about the things you have been taught.” In these verses, we can find guidance in how to approach the study of history. Note Luke’s emphasis on sources (“eyewitnesses”), meticulous study (“having investigated everything carefully”), and pursuit of the truth (“so that you might know the exact truth”). As Christian scholars, we need to approach our subjects with integrity and base our conclusions on careful research and solid evidence.


progressive movement in Tennessee

Essay I

Discuss the progressive movement in Tennessee. In your essay discuss who the progressives were, their goals, and what if anything they may have accomplished. Also discuss why prohibition was such a big issue in Tennessee and what effect it may have had on state politics. Remember this is Tennessee history and there should not be much discussion about the national movement.

Essay II

Discuss the Civil Rights Movement in Tennessee from 1935-1968. Focus on how Tennessee would lay the foundation for programs to be carried to states in the lower south. How did the issue of desegregation affect educational facilities, government and politics? How did the movement end, or do you, the student think the movement continues?

History Of CA Research Paper

Final Essay: A “Theme” of California  This assignment constitutes your final exam. It has the highest point value of any assignment in the course. It is due no later than 1:00pm, on Monday, December 11.   In tracing the history of California, one can identify major historical themes that emerge in the development of the region that are both notable and recurring. Using information from this book and lecture information, construct an essay that examines with detail and informative explanations, one of these themes. You will want to cover a significantly broad time period of California’s history.  Consider and select one of the seven topics below to be your paper’s theme:       Rapid Change       Growth       Diversity       Youth       “California Dream”       Unique       Trend Setter  Your task is to “prove” one theme by presenting relevant examples of facts, events, actions, statistics, attitudes, perceptions, quotes—in short anything that you believe supports it.  Notes:  The completed essay should be between 1,000-1,500 words (at least 4 full pages).  There may be overlap between two or more themes. That is fine but it is important to maintain as much focus as you can on a single theme.     Keep in mind the essential rules of putting together a meaningful  essay. You should:       find, read, and select valid information       assess and evaluate that information       organize, edit, and present that information     Essays will be assessed by the following criteria:  Breadth  Does it adequately develop the topic over a meaningful period of time? Do not limit your examination to a single event or narrow time period.  Clarity  Is the information accurate and understandable? Is it relevant to the theme?  Specificity  Are there specific facts/examples to support your subject?  Accuracy  Are your facts and contentions truthful and correct?  Length  Is the essay the appropriate length with reasonable type size, spacing, and margins?  Presentation  Is the essay typed, stapled, edited for grammar and spelling, neat, and easy to read?  Directions  Did you follow all instructions correctly, including academic integrity?     Important: Assume the reader of your essay knows nothing about California history. It is your responsibility to provide sufficient detail to make your paper meaningful to the reader. You should include names, dates, definition of terms where needed, and explanation of the larger points. There should be an introduction that clearly identifies the theme you have selected.