Assignment 1: Employee Turnover


Employee  turnover in the hospitality industry averages 400% annually. This means  that, on average, 100% of the staff of a restaurant, hotel, airline,  cruise ship, etc. is replaced four (4) times per year. There has been  extensive research on employee turnover and employee job satisfaction.  Using the Internet or the Strayer Library, select one (1) hospitality  industry type such as fast-food restaurants, luxury hotels, specialty  hotels, or any other type of hospitality interest and identify the main  problems associated with that industry and employee turnover. Suggest  ways and methods to address the high turnover rate.

Write a five to six (5-6) page paper in which you:

1. Describe the type of hospitality industry and its main categories of employees.

2. Summarize three (3) primary reasons that turnover is so high in this industry.

3. Recommend one (1) method to address each of the three (3) primary reasons that turnover is so high in this industry.

4. Recommend one (1) method to improve job satisfaction in general for this industry.

Use  at least two (2) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note:  Wikipedia and other websites do not quality as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

Be  typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with  one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA  or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional  instructions.

Include  a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s  name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover  page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment  page length.


. Identify some terms from Chapters 3 and 4 of Herling that seemingly reflect a European, American, and/or Christian-centric bias. How do they do so, and why?

2. At this point, what is your view on the quest to discover a singular essence of a religious tradition, or religion in general? Make sure to explain your answer in light of course materials.

3. Identify and discuss specific examples of patriarchal values and structures in the religious traditions you have studied. How do these contribute to defined social and religious roles based on gender?

4. Identify, describe, and discuss specific examples of the regulation (or celebration) of the body and sexuality in religious scriptures, beliefs, or practices.

5. Identify, describe, and discuss examples of religion’s role in constructing our ideas about race and ethnicity—instances where it promotes hierarchy and differences, or aims to overcome and transcend difference.

6. According to Herling, what is the relationship between religion and globalization? How has globalizations affected religious communities, and vice versa?

7. Discuss several new religious movements. Who belongs to these movements, and why?

8. What are some of the most commonly cited instances of the link between religion and violence? How direct is this link? What other factors might be at work in these cases?

9. What are some examples of the interplay between science and religion, ranging from opposition to synthesis?


a beginner’s guide to the Study of Religion second edition by Bradley L. Herling

Religion the basics second edition by Malory Nye

A Critical Introduction to The Study Of Religion second edition by Craig Maring


  • Use of 3 different themes and 3 different subjects or topics
  • Vetting of sources within the essay
  • Proper notation of and use of quoted materials to support content argument
  • Proper formatting of citations for all quoted materials
  • Works Cited with proper sections listing Primary Documents and Secondary Sources
  • Full bibliographic information provided in Works Cited
  • Name and class information provided
  • For each theme you discuss, you need to quote your textbook OR an outside secondary scholarly source of your choosing once and ONE primary document found either in your ebook or from an outside source. (See further details about your sources below). Use a different primary document for each theme and history you write on. You must include a properly formatted Works Cited at the end.  These assignments will help you learn to see history in terms of these themes.
  • For each Themed Essay Assignment, you will write a minimum 750-word entry (CONTENT ONLY – Works Cited DOES NOT count towards minimum word count)


11. The Effects of Education on History ~ “I know something you don’t know . . .”
Education is one of the five hallmark institutions of society, along with political institutions, economic institutions, family institutions, and religious institutions. Indeed, education is experienced from the time you are born and you learn language and other cultural skills from your family. The development of a writing system is one of the hallmarks of civilization, which enables a society to record and preserve their thoughts, beliefs, ideas, inventions, innovations, etc. and pass them forward in time. Education also allows for concepts and ideas to pass from culture to culture, via trade, or migrations, or even conversions. When the European Crusaders journeyed through the Byzantine Empire of their way to the Holy Land, they picked up new ideas, new skills, new thoughts and concepts, which eventually lead to the intellectual rebirth of Europe called the Renaissance ~ an era in which backwater Europe would propel itself within 100 years to the top of the global food chain of civilizations.

12. Individualism vs. Communalism ~ “the need of the one” or the “need of the many”?
Human beings need each other, it is that simple. Men hunted wild game in packs and women birthed and nurtured their families in packs. We are communal creatures – so when and why did the concept of individuality begin? We were for centuries defined by our gender, or our class, or our professions, or our utility to a society – but seldom were we defined by our unique qualities, unless we were the few and the fearless who aspired to greatness above the masses. And here is where the occasional person or people emerge who place more value on the unique ability of the individual, then on the herding instinct of the masses. Art became a way for the one to differentiate themselves from the many, as it expressed a part of them in a public setting. For example, the communalism of an army was always led by the individuality of a general and his art of military tactics. Athens is a good example of a society that stressed the power of the individual with the creation of Athenian Democracy that granted all citizens, males over 18, a voice in the politics of the city-state.

13. WAR ~ “What was it good for?”
War is the most constant theme in history ~ it has been occurring and reoccurring in every age of human existence and while it is easy to recount the horrible effects of war there is also a case to be made for the positive outcomes of war. An obvious positive outcome of war is the independence won in the American Revolution and the eventual creation of the unique Democratic Republican government outlined in our U.S. Constitution.

Research In Music 1980s

this research is your chance to choose any topic that from 1980s , 7 pages minimum, using appropriate APA

or MLA citation style for all references.  Please use library, VALID internet, and audio sources.

Include a Works Cited page. You must use at least

five sources

(audio and video are fine as well as written text). No title page.

Here are some possible choices

-Contrast and compare two songs (or albums), one an early creation and another a late creation by an artist from the 1980s that seem to deal with similar themes.  How has their music and lyrical concerns/artistry changed through the decade?  What contemporary influences seemed to shape these creations (in the personal life of the artist and their historical context)? Use published critiques of the time, as well as contemporary critiques, to support your interpretations/arguments.


-Choose an historical event, social movement, or issue/topic of concern during the decade of the Eighties.  Summarize what you’ve found about this in relevant books, magazines, newspapers, videos, including those of the time.  How is this reflected in the work of musical artists during said event/movement/topic?

Legalizing Slavery in Colonial America

This essay assignment is a primary source analysis on Legalizing Slavery in Colonial America.  Please refer to the Primary Sources found on your Learning Activities page.

Slavery in the United States was governed by an extensive body of law developed after the 1660s.  Virginia became the first colony to pass a comprehensive slave code in 1705, which served as the base of other slave codes in the Southern colonies and states before the Civil War.  In your essay on legalizing slavery, you are required to read the primary sources on the Learning Activities page.  The textbook and online materials provide helpful background information for the essay.

Your essay needs a brief introduction and critical analysis in comprehensive paragraphs with a minimum of 300 words.  It should be based on your primary source reading and it needs to demonstrate your analysis of the documents.  Three or more specific in-text source citations are needed.

Please consider the following questions when you write the essay:

  1. How did the slave codes make slavery a permanent condition?
  2. How did race play a role in enslaving Africans in colonial America?
  3. In what specific ways were the slaves defined as property?
  4. Why couldn’t slaves be a party to a contract including marriage?
  5. How did the slave codes regulate free blacks?
  6. How do you compare the South Carolina slave code of 1740 with the Virginia slave code of 1705?

Assignment #5 – Slavery and Race


STEP #1 – WATCH — Amistad – A Slave’s Journey

STEP #2 – READ — Drawing the Color Line

Please click the above link to read chapter 2, “Drawing the Color Line;” found in the book A People’s History of the United States.

As always, please try to have 5 things from each of your readings to discuss on Discussion Board.

STEP #3 – READ — Slavery Without Submission, Emancipation Without Freedom

When thinking about what you have been taught in previous classes, does it in any way match what these readings on slavery and race have revealed to you?

So…how many of you have car insurance? If you have a car, you have to have car in- surance here in Texas. And even if you don’t have a car, you at least know what the purpose of insurance is, do you not? Of course. Stick with me, you’ll understand in a mi- nute.

Please compare the version of history in your readings to this depiction of a slave’s ex- perience being captured and then shipped across the Atlantic in the Hollywood film, Amistad. Are they the same? Or is the Amistad version too harsh? Or is it too clean and nice?

If you’re like most of my students you’ll probably be thinking to yourself that it was prob- ably accurate, but that there may have been some exaggerations here and there.

Well, truth be told, what you watched was kind of the “Disney-version” of the slave trade. Source after source from this time period tells us of the unimaginable horror that was the slave ship, and yet most of us grow up never knowing most of this information. Most of us grow up never knowing how truly horrifying the slave’s experience was. But if we were to go back through this film clip and compare it to reality, I think you might begin to understand just what I am talking about.

The Capture: Most of us have heard at one time or another that Africans “sold each other” or “sold themselves” into slavery.
This is NOT TRUE. The only way this could be true would be to say that all Africans were alike because of the color of their skin. We know this is not reality. What was really happening was enemies were selling enemies into slavery. It would be like me selling an Al Qaeda member into slavery today…or maybe a Canadian (if we hap- pened to be at war with Canada!)

The capture though was one of the most frightening parts of this voyage. Imagine being hit over the head and blacking out…and then waking up in a cage on a beach surrounded by people and things you do not know…unable to communi- cate with the people around you because they don’t speak the same language you do.

The Ship: You are then taken on board a large ship…and did anyone catch what the priest was saying to all of the Africans as they were being taken on board? Once on board, you are taken below deck and chained into a space the size of a coffin. And it is there, chained down, lying their naked, body against body with the people on either side of you, that you will stay for the next 2-6 months. You are packed in like sardines.

Diagram of slave cargo

You will not be taken up on deck to use the bathroom. You use the bathroom where you lay, as does everyone around you. And people begin to get seasick. People begin to de- velop dysentery. You end up laying in urine, blood, vomit and feces for as long as 6 months. And there are deck after deck after deck of slave’s chained up in the cargo holds where no fresh air can penetrate and the fluids from the decks above seep through the cracks in the floor until they reach the lowest deck in the hold where often the smallest slave’s were stored…where the children would be forced to lay for months in this accumula- tion of filth.

Every once in a while, women were taken up on deck for “exercise.” You saw a depiction of this in the film, where the women were dancing with the deckhands. This “exercise” was often when the women were taken on deck and raped. Women were not the only ones subject to rape, men and children were raped as well. But, more often than not, women were the ones most often singled out for rape. This was a particularly cruel part of enslave- ment for women. Once captured and put into slavery, women were not only used for phys- ical labor, but they were often made into sex slaves as well.

You saw in the film slaves being whipped on board the ship. This was often done to main- tain control on the ships. To make an “example” out of one or two to keep the rest of the slaves under control. What you did not see was what happens to flesh when it is whipped with a cow-hide. Once you reach 10 lashes with a whip, the entire back is lacerated. 20 lashes and your back would look like hamburger. 50 lashes and you are down to bone. One other incident you saw in the film that I will touch upon…the slaves tied together, tied to a bag of rocks, and then thrown over board. This was often done for many reasons…to lighten a ship that was running too heavy, to get rid of sick slaves, to diminish the number of mouths to feed if food rations were running low, to make an example of a few, or any other of a number of reasons.

What was not covered by the film though was this: Often, slave traders had their cargo (the slaves) on these ships covered by insurance. But the catch was that insurance companies would only pay out for slaves that were accidentally “Lost at Sea.” I’ll let you guess what this practice led to……..

Scars from repeated whippings

Suffice to say, of the 50 million Africans lost to the slave trade during this era, it is esti- mated that half of them were “Lost at Sea.” Historians have suggested that you could literally trace the paths of the slave ships from this era by the litter of bodies lining the ocean floor…25 million people “lost”….between the 100 million Native Americans killed and the 25 million African “lost at sea” it kind of begins to make the Holocaust of WWII seem miniscule by comparison doesn’t it?

So, what if I were to tell you that some of those insurance companies that paid out for these supposedly “lost” Africans are the same companies you have your car insurance with today? These same companies that made their first dollars off of this rather shady practice are some of the very same insurance companies and banks you do business with today? Would that bother you?

What else bothers you about what you have read and listened to over the weekend?

1. Please post an initial response to these questions of at least 150 words more, at least one page.

2. Reply (2 or 3 sentences) to at least 3 other students’ initial postings.

If you are unsure how to use Discussion Board, click the “Tools” tab on your left to access the User Manual.


Please make sure this a different paper then the first one, again take your time.


Assignment #6 – Modern Slavery

STEP #1 – WATCH — Slavery Today

Please watch this short introduction on slavery today hosted by Angelina Jolie.

STEP #2 – READ — The New Slavery

Refer to the uploaded files and read the New Slavery 

Please read the first chapter, “The New Slavery,” from Kevin Bales’ book, Disposable People .


How many of you knew this?


Most people do not. Those who do generally believe it is a problem in third world countries, but certainly not here.

The reality is that it is just as big of a problem in the United States as any other country. If we knew where to go, we could go buy a slave in Fort Worth or Dallas today. And we could get one by trading in an old bicycle or an old laptop computer. That’s all it would take.

And old bicycle…that’s all a slave’s life is worth today.

And perhaps the most disturbing thing to realize is that everything we touch today–from the bricks that make up the exterior of our homes, to the wood in our furniture, to the rug on the floors–has been touched by the hand of a slave. And what’s worse, a slave that is treated even more poorly today than those under the old system of slavery we have been discussing and so horrified by.

Please watch this brief video on slavery today from the website, Free the Slaves–an organization devoted to ending the slave trade today.

What are the differences between the old and new systems of slavery? What are your other thoughts about this ongoing problem?

1. Please post an initial response to these questions of at least 50-100 words or more, at least one page.
2. Reply (2 or 3 sentences) to at least 3 other students’ initial postings.

If you are unsure how to use Discussion Board, click the “Tools” tab on your left to access the User Manual.


Written Exercise #1

Please click the link below to read the topic

I know it may seem like we have rehashed much of the first half of US History, but stick with me! There is method to my madness…  =)

Please take a look at this writing assignment.  All of the instructions are included in the assignment sheet, but if you have questions,please feel free to email me over the weekend.

Ultimately, I want you to take everything you’ve read and use them as your sources to write this paper. You do need to cite throughout your papers from your readings.

This should be a 3-5 page paper.


 . Describe the response of the  white population and policy makers to the increased immigration of Chinese; to the Native Americans resistance to removal from their land; to African American’s quest for economic opportunity in the New South economy and competition with white small shop owners. Provide at least two (2) reasons why white politicians saw other minority groups as a threat and acted to limit their freedoms. Provide evidence by referencing the sources for your response.

.Describe the goals of three civil rights leaders, Booker T. Washington, W. E. B. Dubois, and Ida Wells on American civil rights for African Americans. Were they successful, why or why not, provide evidence by referencing the sources for your response?