Discussion Board

INSTRUCTIONS:  Read the Sharp Printing Case, Post a thread that addresses the questions. The Discussion Board must consist of an individual 500–750-word thread in response to the prompt provided. For each individual thread, you will support your assertions with at least 3 peer-reviewed sources that have been published in the last 3 years in addition to the course text. You must also incorporate 1 biblical integration source into the post. No title page or abstract is needed

PROMPT CASE: SHARP PRINTING:

Three years ago the Sharp Printing (SP) strategic management group set a goal of having a color laser printer available for the consumer and small business market for less than $200. A few months later the senior management met off-site to discuss the new product. The results of this meeting were a set of general technical specifications along with major deliverables, a product launch date, and a cost estimate based on prior experience. Shortly afterward, a meeting was arranged for middle management explaining the project goals, major responsibilities, the project start date, and importance of meeting the product launch date within the cost estimate. Members of all departments involved attended the meeting. Excitement was high. Although everyone saw the risks as high, the promised rewards for the company and the personnel were emblazoned in their minds. A few participants questioned the legitimacy of the project duration and cost estimates. A couple of R&D people were worried about the technology required to produce the high-quality product for less than $200. But given the excitement of the moment, everyone agreed the project was worth doing and doable. The color laser printer project was to have the highest project priority in the company. Lauren was selected to be the project manager. She had 15 years of experience in printer design and manufacture, which included successful management of several projects related to printers for commercial markets. Since she was one of those uncomfortable with the project cost and time estimates, she felt getting good bottom-up time and cost estimates for the deliverables was her first concern. She quickly had a meeting with the significant stakeholders to create a WBS identifying the work packages and organizational unit responsible for implementing the work packages. Lauren stressed she wanted time and cost estimates from those who would do the work or were the most knowledgeable, if possible. Getting estimates from more than one source was encouraged. Estimates were due in two weeks. The compiled estimates were placed in the WBS/OBS. The corresponding cost estimate seemed to be in error. The cost estimate was $1,250,000 over the senior management estimate; this represents about a 20 percent overrun! The time estimate from the developed project network was only four months over the top management time estimate. Another meeting was scheduled with the significant stakeholders to check the estimates and to brainstorm for alternative solutions; the cost and time estimates appeared to be reasonable. Some of the suggestions for the brainstorming session are listed below.

– Change scope.

– Outsource technology design.

– Use the priority matrix (found in Chapter 4) to get top management to clarify their priorities.

– Partner with another organization or build a research consortium to share costs and to share the  newly developed technology and production methods.

– Cancel the project.

– Commission a break-even study for the laser printer.

Very little in the way of concrete savings was identified, although there was consensus that time could be compressed to the market launch date, but at additional costs. Lauren met with the marketing (Connor), production (Kim), and design (Gage) managers who yielded some ideas for cutting costs, but nothing significant enough to have a large impact. Gage remarked, I wouldn’t want to be the one to deliver the message to top management that their cost estimate is $1,250,000 off! Good luck, Lauren.

At this point, what would you do if you were the project manager?
2. Was top management acting correctly in developing an estimate?
3. What estimating techniques should be used for a mission critical project such at this?

Discussion Board

INSTRUCTIONS:  Read the Sharp Printing Case, Post a thread that addresses the questions. The Discussion Board must consist of an individual 500–750-word thread in response to the prompt provided. For each individual thread, you will support your assertions with at least 3 peer-reviewed sources that have been published in the last 3 years in addition to the course text. You must also incorporate 1 biblical integration source into the post. No title page or abstract is needed

PROMPT CASE: SHARP PRINTING:

Three years ago the Sharp Printing (SP) strategic management group set a goal of having a color laser printer available for the consumer and small business market for less than $200. A few months later the senior management met off-site to discuss the new product. The results of this meeting were a set of general technical specifications along with major deliverables, a product launch date, and a cost estimate based on prior experience. Shortly afterward, a meeting was arranged for middle management explaining the project goals, major responsibilities, the project start date, and importance of meeting the product launch date within the cost estimate. Members of all departments involved attended the meeting. Excitement was high. Although everyone saw the risks as high, the promised rewards for the company and the personnel were emblazoned in their minds. A few participants questioned the legitimacy of the project duration and cost estimates. A couple of R&D people were worried about the technology required to produce the high-quality product for less than $200. But given the excitement of the moment, everyone agreed the project was worth doing and doable. The color laser printer project was to have the highest project priority in the company. Lauren was selected to be the project manager. She had 15 years of experience in printer design and manufacture, which included successful management of several projects related to printers for commercial markets. Since she was one of those uncomfortable with the project cost and time estimates, she felt getting good bottom-up time and cost estimates for the deliverables was her first concern. She quickly had a meeting with the significant stakeholders to create a WBS identifying the work packages and organizational unit responsible for implementing the work packages. Lauren stressed she wanted time and cost estimates from those who would do the work or were the most knowledgeable, if possible. Getting estimates from more than one source was encouraged. Estimates were due in two weeks. The compiled estimates were placed in the WBS/OBS. The corresponding cost estimate seemed to be in error. The cost estimate was $1,250,000 over the senior management estimate; this represents about a 20 percent overrun! The time estimate from the developed project network was only four months over the top management time estimate. Another meeting was scheduled with the significant stakeholders to check the estimates and to brainstorm for alternative solutions; the cost and time estimates appeared to be reasonable. Some of the suggestions for the brainstorming session are listed below.

– Change scope.

– Outsource technology design.

– Use the priority matrix (found in Chapter 4) to get top management to clarify their priorities.

– Partner with another organization or build a research consortium to share costs and to share the  newly developed technology and production methods.

– Cancel the project.

– Commission a break-even study for the laser printer.

Very little in the way of concrete savings was identified, although there was consensus that time could be compressed to the market launch date, but at additional costs. Lauren met with the marketing (Connor), production (Kim), and design (Gage) managers who yielded some ideas for cutting costs, but nothing significant enough to have a large impact. Gage remarked, I wouldn’t want to be the one to deliver the message to top management that their cost estimate is $1,250,000 off! Good luck, Lauren.

At this point, what would you do if you were the project manager?
2. Was top management acting correctly in developing an estimate?
3. What estimating techniques should be used for a mission critical project such at this?

Discussion Board

Choose 1 of the following options and respond in a thread.

Option One:

Using the material from Chapters 31–33 in Everyday Bible Study (both text and videos), how would you answer the following question? Remember to support your answer using material from Everyday Bible Study as well as the Scriptures.

How is a good study of a particular Bible passage connected to good teaching on that Bible passage?

Option Two:

You are part of the Pastoral Oversight Committee in your church. Part of the responsibilities of this committee is to evaluate the messages delivered by your pastor. The committee notices that he struggles with introducing and concluding his sermons. In general, his introductions seem to ramble on and lack a connection to the main point of the sermon. The conclusions are abrupt and give the impression that he simply ran out of things to say.

Using the material from Chapters 31–33 in Everyday Bible Study, (both text and videos), what 3 pieces of advice would you give to your pastor in order to help him with his introductions and conclusions? Your answer must provide a concise explanation for your 3 pieces of advice. Be sure to support your 3 points and their explanations from both Scripture and from the Everyday Bible Study text.

Replies: Once you have completed the assigned text readings (Everyday Bible Study Chapters 31–36), select 2 threads you wish to reply to and address your classmates’ thoughts and ideas. The content of each reply must reflect an excellent knowledge of the reading and interact with both the thread and relevant chapter material. You must support your thoughts and ideas by quoting from Everyday Bible Study and citing related Scripture.

Submit your thread by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Monday of Module/Week 7 and your replies by 11:59 p.m. (ET)

 

Discussion Board Forum Instructions

Upon completing the Module/Week 1, 3, 5, and 7 Reading & Study items, you will be well equipped to respond to the provided prompt with a thread and 2 replies that demonstrate an understanding of the arguments for the inspiration, inerrancy, and authority of Scripture. You will also be able to identify how the Bible relates to the theistic worldview and describe characters in the Old and New Testaments (Syllabus MLOs: A, B, C, D, E, F, H, I).

Each forum is completed in 2 parts over the course of 2 modules/weeks.

In the first module/week of the forum, you will create a thread that directly addresses the prompt provided by the instructor. In the subsequent module/week, you will respond with meaningful replies to at least 2 classmates’ threads.

The instructor will observe online discussions throughout the assigned modules/weeks and may interject his or her comments intermittently. Feel free to respond to the instructor’s comments in addition to the required replies to your classmates’ thread. Follow the guidelines provided below as you complete each part of the forums.

Thread:

· Respond to the questions/ideas that are presented in the instructor’s prompts.

· Summarize any related ideas that are presented in our Everyday Bible Study textbook related to the prompts.

· Submit your thread of 400 words or more.

Replies:

In your replies, you are seeking to build rapport and community around the topic. You are also seeking to maximize our collective understanding of the material. Keeping that in mind,

· Look for areas of common ground or diversity between your comments on the prompts and your classmates’ finding(s) and engage each other.

· Connect and comment on areas included or not included in your classmates’ thread that you would like to share.

· Each reply must be at least 100 words composed in 1 paragraph.

This course utilizes the Post-First feature in all Discussion Board Forums. This means you will only be able to read and interact with your classmates’ threads after you have submitted your thread in response to the provided prompt. For additional information on Post-First, click herefor a tutorial.

Submit each thread by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Monday of the assigned module/week and your replies by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Monday of the following module/week, except for the Discussion Board Forum 4 replies. Submit your Discussion Board Forum 4 replies by 11:59 p.m. (ET)

 

 

Discussion Board Forum Replies Grading Rubric

 

Criteria

Levels of   Achievement

Points Earned

 

Excellent

Average

Below Average

Unacceptable

 

Replies: Content

19 to 20 points

Content reflects an excellent   knowledge of the Everyday Bible Study   reading and interacts thoroughly with both the thread and the chapter   material.

16 to 18 points

Content reflects an average   knowledge of the Everyday Bible Study   reading and interacts satisfactorily with both the thread and the chapter   material.

13 to 15 points

Content reflects a basic   knowledge of the Everyday Bible Study   reading and interacts minimally with both the thread and the chapter   material.

0 to 12 points

Content reflects a poor knowledge   of the Everyday Bible Study reading   and does not interact with both the thread and the chapter material.

 

Replies: Support

19 to 20 points

Replies   expound on the thread, and provide excellent support from Everyday Bible Study and related   Scripture.

16 to 18 points

Replies   acknowledge the thread and sparingly relate answers to Everyday Bible Study and related Scripture.

13 to 15 points

Replies   are simply an affirmation of content in the thread and are negligibly related   to any material from Everyday Bible   Study and Scriptures.

0 to 12 points

Replies   lack any connection to the thread. There is no correlation between the thread   and Everyday Bible Study and   related Scriptures.

 

Replies: Specific   Requirements

9 to 10 points

· Replies to at least 2 classmates

· Replies   meet the required word count

· Replies   are free of spelling errors,   punctuation errors, or grammatical errors.

7 to 8 points

· Replies to at least 2 classmates

· Replies   meet the required word count

· Replies   contain minimal spelling errors,   punctuation errors, or grammatical errors.

5 to 6 points

· Replies to only 1 classmate

· Replies   do not quite meet the required word count.

· Replies   contain multiple spelling errors,   punctuation errors, or grammatical errors.

0 to 4 points

· Replies to only 1 classmate

· Replies   are well below the required word count.

· Replies   contain many spelling errors,   punctuation errors, or grammatical errors.

 

Total

/50

 

Discussion Board Forum Thread Grading Rubric

 

Criteria

Levels of Achievement

 

Excellent

Average

Below Average

Unacceptable

Points Earned

 

Thread: Content

19 to 20 points

Thread   demonstrates an excellent understanding of the Everyday Bible Study text and persuasively answers the prompt.

16 to 18 points

Thread   demonstrates an average understanding of the Everyday Bible Study text and satisfactorily answers the prompt.

13 to 15 points

Thread   demonstrates a basic understanding of the Everyday   Bible Study text and answers the prompt in a substandard way.

0 to 12 points

Thread   demonstrates a poor understanding of the Everyday   Bible Study text and does not address the issue in the prompt.

 

Thread: Support

19 to 20 points

Thorough support   is provided from Everyday Bible Study   and Scripture. This is demonstrated by quotations from both of these sources.

16 to 18 points

Adequate support   is provided from Everyday Bible Study   and Scripture. This is demonstrated by a quotation from one of these two   sources.

13 to 15 points

Minimal support   is provided from Everyday Bible Study   and Scripture. The above sources are mentioned but not quoted.

0 to 12 points

Thread lacks   support from Everyday Bible Study   and Scripture.

 

Thread: Specific Requirements

9 to 10 points

Thread meets the   required word count and is free of spelling   errors, punctuation errors, or grammatical errors.

7 to 8 points

Thread meets the   required word count and contains minimal spelling errors, punctuation errors, or grammatical errors.

5 to 6 points

Thread does not   meet the required word count and contains multiple spelling errors, punctuation errors, or grammatical errors.

0 to 4 points

Thread is well   below the required word count and contains many spelling errors, punctuation errors, or grammatical errors.

 

Total

/50

 

Instructor’s Comments:

Discussion Board

Primary Task Response: Within the Discussion Board area, write 300–500 words that respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. This will be the foundation for future discussions by your classmates. Be substantive and clear, and use examples to reinforce your ideas.

Relating to Readers

Writers of fiction attempt to connect with others through shared storytelling.

Part 1

Write 2–3 paragraphs that answer the following:

  • Define fiction in your own words.
  • Do you read any books in this genre? Why or why not?
  • Pick 1 subgenre of fiction, and describe it.

Part 2

Write 2–3 paragraphs to answer the following:

  • Why read fiction?
  • Is it entertaining? Why or why not?
  • Is it educational? Why or why not?
  • What do you learn about others through reading their work?
  • What is active reading? How does this help the reader determine the author’s message?

Responses to Other Students: Respond to at least 2 of your fellow classmates with at least a 100-word reply about their Primary Task Response regarding items you found to be compelling and enlightening. To help you with your discussion, please consider the following questions:

  • How did the definitions of fiction provided by your classmates compare with your own?
  • Are your reading habits similar or different from those of your classmates?
  • Do you use active reading when you read fiction in your everyday life? If not, how can active reading help to enrich your experience of fictional texts?
  • Do you have any questions about the details and explanations your classmates have posted?

For assistance with your assignment, please use your text, Web resources, and all course materials.

The following grading criteria will be used to assess your Unit 2 Discussion Board.

Review your submission so you are sure you have included the following:

Unit 2 Discussion Board Grading CriteriaMaximum PointsDefines fiction accurately

20

Discuss the role that fiction does or does not play in his/her life

20

Provides an adequate rationale for the value of fiction

25

Describes the value of active reading in understanding fiction

10

Responds in detail to work of at least 2 classmates

25

Total:

Discussion Board

This Discussion Board has two parts.

The cost component of a project must be carefully planned and managed throughout the life of a project. First, a budget must be established for the project. The selection of vendors involves a careful process of considering reputation, scope of work to be done, and time required to completion. Risks and uncertainty should be factored in to the plan. As the project progresses costs need to be monitored and controlled.

  1. For projects in general, what are some of the considerations that must be factored when preparing a budget? What are some of the risks that must be considered in selecting vendors and dealing with unexpected external events? As the project progresses, what are some of the strategies for reducing unexpected costs?
  2. Continuing with your personal project of a Family Vacation from weeks 2 and 3. Prepare a budget of all costs associated with the project. Discuss what factors and risks may affect the costs?  What are some of the strategies you can implement to reduce unexpected costs?