Ethical Decision Making

Assistance with Quiz

QUESTION 1

1.  Which of the following statements is true about ethical decision making in ?

A. It is limited to the type of major corporate decisions with social consequences.
B. It should rely on the personal values and principles of the individuals involved
C. It involves significant general policy issues that affect entire organizations.
D. Every employee, except workers in a process-oriented organization, will be faced with an issue that will require ethical decision making.

4 points  

QUESTION 2

1.  Which of the following best describes a business stakeholder?

A. Anyone who affects or is affected by decisions made within a firm.
B. Anyone who has acquired significant shareholding in a firm.
C. Anyone with a controlling interest in a firm.
D. Minority shareholders in a business entity.

A corporatestakeholderis a person or group who can affect or be affected by the actions of abusiness. Internalstakeholdersare groups within abusinessor people who work directly within thebusiness, such as employees, owners, and investors.

4 points  

QUESTION 3

1.  The aspect ethics that examines business institutions from a social rather than an individual perspective is referred to as:

A. institutionalized ethical responsibility.
B. corporate cultural responsibility.
C. decision making for social responsibility.
D. institutional morality.

4 points  

QUESTION 4

1.  Kathy, your best friend and , asks you to help her with a challenging ethical predicament. Which of the following would be your first step in the decision making ?

A. Identifying the ethical issue
B. Considering the available alternatives
C. Determining the facts of the situation
D. Making the decision

1  Identify a problem or opportunity

Step 1:Identify the decision to be made.You realize that a decision must be made. You then go through an internal process of trying to define clearly the nature of the decision you must make.

4 points  

QUESTION 5

1.  Which of the following statements reflects the concept of normative myopia?

A. “I was so involved in our debate that I missed the red light. We need to limit our conversations in the car.”
B. “I may have exaggerated the features of the product to get this sale. You knew how important this deal was for me.”
C. “Brad met with an accident because he was drunk while driving. I hope he has learnt his lesson.”
D. “I never expected Draco to steal from me; he has been my friend for so long.”

4 points  

QUESTION 6

1.  In the ethical decision-making process, once we have examined the facts and identified the ethical issues involved, we should next:

A. make the decision.
B. consider the available alternatives.
C. identify stakeholders.
D. monitor and learn from the outcomes.

4 points  

QUESTION 7

1.  Which of the following explains the term “satisficing?”

A. Considering limited alternatives while making decisions.
B. Selecting the alternative that meets minimum decision criteria.
C. Following simplified decision rules.
D. Selecting the alternative simply because it is the easy way out.

4 points  

QUESTION 8

1.  Ethical reasoning falls into three major categories. Identify them.

A. Utility, virtue, and values
B. Universal rights, values, and moral principles
C. Personal character, consequences, and principles
D. Universal rights, cultural norms, and mores

4 points  

QUESTION 9

1.  The study of various character traits that can contribute to, or obstruct, a happy and meaningful human life is part of:

A. philosophical ethics.
B. virtue ethics.
C. deontological ethics.
D. utilitarianism.

4 points  

QUESTION 10

1.  Utilitarianism has been called a(n):

A. consequentialist approach to ethics.
B. behavioral approach to ethics.
C. commonsensical approach to ethics.
D. intuitive approach to ethics.

4 points  

QUESTION 11

1.  Which of the following traditions would support child labor because it produces better overall consequences than the available alternatives?

A. Virtue ethics
B. Deontological ethics
C. Utilitarianism
D. Classicism

4 points  

QUESTION 12

1.  Economists that view profit maximization as a central idea to corporate social responsibility are following the:

A. Kantian framework of ethics.
B. utilitarian framework of ethics.
C. deontological framework of ethics.
D. virtue-based framework of ethics.

4 points  

QUESTION 13

1.  Which of the following is true about corporate culture?

A. Corporate cultures shape the people of the organization, without getting affected by them.
B. Corporate cultures are generally static, but can be changed by voluntary action of the top managers.
C. Corporate cultures can hinder individuals in making the “right” decisions.
D. Corporate Cultures cannot hinder individuals in making the “right” decisions.

4 points  

QUESTION 14

1.  Which of the following statements is true about ethical corporate cultures?

A. Ethical organizational culture cannot have a direct impact on the bottom line.
B. If attended to and supported, a strong ethical culture can serve as a deterrent to stakeholder damage.
C. Even if ignored, organizational culture could reinforce a perception that “anything goes,” and “any way to a better bottom line is acceptable,” building long-term sustainability.
D. The responsibility for creating and sustaining ethical corporate cultures rests on law enforcement agencies.

4 points  

QUESTION 15

1.  Which of the following is true about corporate culture?

A. An integrity-based culture is one that reinforces a particular set of rules.
B. A compliance culture is only as strong and as precise as the rules that workers are expected to follow.
C. Values-based organizations do not include a compliance structure.
D. A values-based culture emphasizes obedience to the rules as the primary responsibility of ethics.

4 points  

QUESTION 16

1.  Which of the following involves the disclosure of unethical or illegal activities to someone who is in a position to take action to prevent or punish the wrongdoing?

A. Gentrification
B. Redlining
C. Whistleblowing
D. Flyposting

4 points  

QUESTION 17

 

1.  The law has created a form of business that limits the liability of individuals for the risks involved in business activities. Identify the form of business.

A. Corporation
B. Partnership
C. Limited partnership
D. Proprietorship

4 points  

QUESTION 18

1.  Which of the following is true about the economic model of CSR?

A. It holds that businesses should not only pursue profits, but it should also do its part for environment sustainability.
B. It has its roots in the Kantian tradition of ethics.
C. According to this model, profit is a direct measure of how well a business firm is meeting society’s expectations.
D. It holds that social goals should be at the heart of a firm’s mission.

4 points  

QUESTION 19

1.  “Just as individuals have no ethical obligation to contribute to charity or to do volunteer work in their community, business has no ethical obligations to serve wider social goods. But, just as charity is a good thing and something that we all want to encourage, business should be encouraged to contribute to society in ways that go beyond the narrow obligations of law and economics.” Identify the model of CSR that reflects this line of thought.

A. Integrative model
B. Stakeholder theory
C. Philanthropic model
D. Social Web model
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Ethical Decision Making

Choose a contemporary ethical dilemma at an organization that you are familiar with or find through research.  Using the article, The PLUS ethical decision making model , as a guide create a model for ethical decision making based on your chosen ethical dilemma.

  • Evaluate all seven steps of the ethical decision-making model.
  • Analyze how each step can be applied to your chosen dilemma.
  • Evaluate how the model could have mitigated the ethical dilemma at your chosen organization.

The paper:

  • Must be three to four double-spaced pages in length (not including title and references pages) and
  • formatted according to APA style
  • Must include a separate title page with the following:
    • Title of paper
    • Student’s name
    • Course name and number
    • Instructor’s name
    • Date submitted
  • Must use at least two scholarly or credible sources not including the course text.
  • The Scholarly, Peer Reviewed, and Other Credible SourcesPreview the document table offers additional guidance on appropriate source types. If you have questions about whether a specific source is appropriate for this assignment, please contact your instructor. Your instructor has the final say about the appropriateness of a specific source for a particular assignment

Links: https://www.ethics.org/resources/free-toolkit/decision-making-model

Ethical Decision Making

Choose a contemporary ethical dilemma at an organization that you are familiar with or find through research.  Using the article,

https://www.ethics.org/resources/free-toolkit/decision-making-model

The PLUS ethical decision makChoose ing model (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site., as a guide create a model for ethical decision making based on your chosen ethical dilemma.

  • Evaluate all seven steps of the ethical decision-making model.
  • Analyze how each step can be applied to your chosen dilemma.
  • Evaluate how the model could have mitigated the ethical dilemma at your chosen organization.

The paper:

Ethical Decision Making

Within the Discussion Board area, write 400-600 words that respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. This will be the foundation for future discussions by your classmates. Be substantive and clear, and use examples to reinforce your ideas.

Note: All character and company names are fictional and are not intended to depict any actual person or business.

View Problem Scenario A to learn more about the relationship between Joe, the salesman for UWEAR, and Bill, the customer. This scenario provides key information in helping formulate answers for assignments this week.

In this Discussion Board, you will conduct a debate regarding the ethical nature of Bill and Joe’s relationship. Apply materials from Beyond the Book, the M.U.S.E., intellipath, and independent research to support your view. Make the reasoning for your position clear.

********MY LAST NAME IS K-Z*******

If your last name begins with A–J, argue that the nature of their relationship is an ethical breach. If your last name begins with K–Z, argue that the nature of their relationship is not an ethical breach. Consider the following:
Does Joe’s relationship with Bill meet the definition of a conflict of interest?  Are Bill’s gifts a form of bribery?   Which ethical theory supports your view? Why?  What other ethical issues might be associated with the relationship between Bill and Joe?

Responses to Other Students: Respond to at least 2 of your fellow classmates who advocate an alternate view with at least a 100-word reply about their Primary Task Response regarding items you found to be compelling and enlightening. To help you with your discussion, please consider the following questions:   What did you learn from your classmate’s posting?   What additional questions do you have after reading the posting?   What clarification do you need regarding the posting?   What differences or similarities do you see between your posting and other classmates’ postings?

 

Scenario A – Downloaded below / Link is above.

 

Note: All   character and company names are fictional and are not intended to depict any   actual person or business.

Your meeting with the chief   executive officers (CEOs) of UWEAR and PALEDENIM went well. In a discussion   following the meeting, Theresa Tramlin, the CEO of UWEAR, mentioned that she   would like you to spend some time in the field with her top sales representative   to get a feel for what the salespeople face every day selling in the current   business environment. Today, you are scheduled to spend the day with Joe   Smith.

As you walk across the lobby   of UWEAR, you see Theresa talking to a tall, distinguished-looking man. “This   is Joe Smith,” Theresa introduces when you step up to them. “You’ll be   spending some time with him today in the field.”

“Nice to meet you, Joe,” you   respond, shaking Joe’s hand.

Theresa says goodbye and   makes her way to the elevator while you and Joe head toward the parking   garage. “We’re going to meet with a couple of clients today,” Joe explains.   “First, we’ll have lunch with Bill Bateman, the CEO of the Peninsula Hotel   chain. He’s a great guy and I’m sure you’ll enjoy meeting him.”

“Where are we meeting him for   lunch?” I ask, getting into Joe’s car.

“Bill’s hotel, the Peninsula,   has a great restaurant that I frequently use to meet clients,” Joe answers.   “The food is outstanding. We’re going to meet him there to discuss the   renewal of his uniform contract.”

As you continue the drive to   the hotel, Joe elaborates on his business history with Bill. “I was able to   win the contract for the Peninsula chain last year,” he explains. “We were   just able to underbid our competitor, Threads4U. In fact, Bill said that I   underbid them by about $5 per uniform. Great victory on my part.”

“It sounds like you’ve   established a great working relationship with Bill,” you say.

“Oh, yeah,” Joe agrees. “He’s   a great guy. The first time we met, I was on my way to buy a nice bottle of   cabernet as a birthday gift for my wife. She loves the expensive wines. I   happened to mention this to Bill, he said he orders it all the time and   offered to give me some for free. I told him it wasn’t

necessary, but he insisted.   When I got my car back from the valet, I found not just a bottle, but an   entire case of high-end cabernet in my trunk.” Joe shakes his head, smiling.   “But that’s just the kind of guy Bill is.”

“It sounds like it worked out   for you and your wife,” you comment. “Did she enjoy her birthday gift?”

“Yes,” Joe says. “We both   enjoyed it for quite some time. Well, here we are,” he adds, pulling up the   Peninsula Hotel.

As you park and exit the car,   Joe explains, “Since Bill and I have been doing business, he’s referred three   other hotel owners to me to supply their uniforms. Except for when I’m   meeting with one of his competitors, I usually conduct business meetings with   clients here at the restaurant in Bill’s hotel.”

“It’s a beautiful hotel,” you   comment as Joe leads you through the lobby, admiring the elegant décor. “No   wonder you enjoy coming here. I wouldn’t mind bringing my family here for a   weekend sometime.”

“Actually,” Joe says, “My   wife and I have become really good friends with Bill and his wife. He often   invites us out onto his yacht with his family, we go to social events with   them, and we’ve stayed at the hotel several times. We really enjoy it. You   should bring your family sometime, too. Kids love the pool with the   waterfall.

You nod, following Joe into   the hotel’s restaurant. After all you’ve heard about Bill, you are very   interested in meeting him.